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Proceedings Paper

Brain-computer interface based on detection of movement intention as a means of brain wave modulation enhancement
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Paper Abstract

Movement intention (MI) is the mental state in which it is desired to make an action that implies movement. There are certain signals that are directly related with MI; mainly obtained in the primary motor cortex. These signals can be used in a brain-computer interface (BCI). BCIs have a wide variety of applications for the general population, classified in two groups: optimization of conventional neuromuscular performances and enhancement of conventional neuromuscular performances beyond normal capacities. The main goal of this project is to analyze if neural rhythm modulation enhancement could be achieved by practicing, through a BCI based on MI detection, which was designed in a previous study. A six-session experiment was made with eight healthy subjects. Each session was composed by two stages: a training stage and a testing stage, which allowed control of a videogame. The scores in the game were recorded and analyzed. Changes in alpha and beta bands were also analyzed in order to observe if attention could in fact be enhanced. The obtained results were partially satisfactory, as most subjects showed a clear improvement in performance at some point in the trials. As well, the alpha to beta wave ratio of all the tasks was analyzed to observe if there are changes as the experiment progresses. The results are promising, and a different protocol must be implemented to assess the impact of the BCI on the attention span, which can be analyzed with the alpha and beta waves.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10572, 13th International Conference on Medical Information Processing and Analysis, 105720N (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2285960
Show Author Affiliations
Sergio D. Pulido Castro, Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito (Colombia)
Univ. del Rosario (Colombia)
Juan M. López López, Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito (Colombia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10572:
13th International Conference on Medical Information Processing and Analysis
Eduardo Romero; Natasha Lepore; Jorge Brieva; Juan David García, Editor(s)

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