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Proceedings Paper

Inhomogeneity of optical turbulence over False Bay (South Africa)
Author(s): Carmen Ullwer; Detlev Sprung; Alexander M. J. van Eijk; Willi Gunter; Karin Stein
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Paper Abstract

Atmospheric turbulence impacts on the propagation of electro-optical radiation. Typical manifestations of optical turbulence are scintillation (intensity fluctuations), beam wander and (for laser systems) reduction of beam quality. For longer propagation channels, it is important to characterize the vertical and horizontal distribution (inhomogeneity) of the optical turbulence. In the framework of the First European South African Transmission ExpeRiment (FESTER) optical turbulence was measured between June 2015 and February 2016 on a 2 km over-water link over False Bay. The link ran from the Institute of Maritime Technology (IMT) in Simons Town to the lighthouse at Roman Rock Island. Three Boundary layer scintillometers (BLS900) allowed assessing the vertical distribution of optical turbulence at three different heights between 5 and 12 m above the water surface. The expected decrease of Cn2 with height is not always found. These results are analyzed in terms of the meteorological scenarios, and a comparison is made with a fourth optical link providing optical turbulence data over a 8.7 km path from IMT to Kalk Bay, roughly 36° to the north of the three 2 km paths. The results are related to the inhomogeneous meteorological conditions over the Bay as assessed with the numerical weather prediction tool, the Weather Forecast and Research model WRF.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2017
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10425, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XX, 1042509 (10 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279381
Show Author Affiliations
Carmen Ullwer, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Detlev Sprung, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
TNO Defence, Security and Safety (Netherlands)
Willi Gunter, Institute for Maritime Technology (South Africa)
Karin Stein, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10425:
Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XX
Karin U. Stein; Szymon Gladysz, Editor(s)

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