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Ground subsidence phenomena in Frakadona, West Thessaly, Greece
Author(s): Paraskevas Tsangaratos; Constantinos Loupasakis; Ioanna Ilia
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Paper Abstract

Ground subsidence is considered among the most frequent geological hazard that usually occurs as a consequence of a number of phenomena, namely: natural compaction of unconsolidated fine - grained deposits, groundwater over - exploitation, peat - oxidation and collapse of underground cavities. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the spatio - temporal patterns of ground deformation in the wider area of Farkadona Municipality in the north-eastern Trikala regional unit, Thessaly, Greece. A set of Synthetic Aperture Radar images, acquired in 1992–2003 by the European Space Agency satellites ERS1 and ERS2 and processed with the Persistent Scatterer Interferometry technique, along with geotechnical data from nearby exploratory boreholes, were used in order to explain the observed deformation. Increasing subsidence rates are observed at almost the entire area within the city complex of Farkadona, which is covered by loose Quaternary sediments of considerable depth. In most cases, the increased deformation rates have caused damages in the form of tensile cracks, mainly along the road network and adjacent buildings. The results of the performed analysis concluded that the geotechnical conditions of the loose deposits occupying the site and also the intensive exploitation of the aquifers are the two main causal factors of the land subsidence phenomena. Additionally, a clear correlation between the subsidence deformation rate and the thickness of the loose deposits has been detected. Besides the geological information, this study made clear that Persistent Scatterer Interferometry could be considered as a valuable tool and cost-efficient method for validating subsidence mechanisms and could serve as an alternative to ground-based measurements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 September 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10444, Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2017), 104440J (6 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2279082
Show Author Affiliations
Paraskevas Tsangaratos, National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)
Constantinos Loupasakis, National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)
Ioanna Ilia, National Technical Univ. of Athens (Greece)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10444:
Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2017)
Kyriacos Themistocleous; Silas Michaelides; Giorgos Papadavid; Vincent Ambrosia; Gunter Schreier; Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis, Editor(s)

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