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Proceedings Paper

Social vulnerability to heat in Greater Atlanta, USA: spatial pattern of heat, NDVI, socioeconomics and household composition
Author(s): Sunhui Sim
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of the article is evaluating spatial patterns of social vulnerability to heat in Greater Atlanta in 2015. The social vulnerability to heat is an index of socioeconomic status, household composition, land surface temperature and normalized differential vegetation index (NDVI). Land surface temperature and NDVI were derived from the red, NIR and thermal infrared (TIR) of a Landsat OLI/TIRS images collected on September 14, 2015. The research focus is on the variation of heat vulnerability in Greater Atlanta. The study found that heat vulnerability is highly clustered spatially, resulting in “hot spots” and “cool spots”. The results show significant health disparities. The hotspots of social vulnerability to heat occurred in neighborhoods with lower socioeconomic status as measured by low education, low income and more poverty, greater proportion of elderly people and young children. The findings of this study are important for identifying clusters of heat vulnerability and the relationships with social factors. These significant results provide a basis for heat intervention services.

Paper Details

Date Published:
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Proc. SPIE 10431, Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments II, ; doi: 10.1117/12.2278678
Show Author Affiliations
Sunhui Sim, Univ. of North Alabama (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10431:
Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments II
Thilo Erbertseder; Nektarios Chrysoulakis; Ying Zhang; Wieke Heldens, Editor(s)

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