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Proceedings Paper

A pixelated x-ray detector for diffraction imaging at next-generation high-rate FEL sources
Author(s): L. Lodola; L. Ratti; D. Comotti; L. Fabris; M. Grassi; P. Malcovati; M. Manghisoni; V. Re; G. Traversi; C. Vacchi; G. Batignani; S. Bettarini; F. Forti; G. Casarosa; F. Morsani; A. Paladino; E. Paoloni; G. Rizzo; M. A. Benkechkache; G.-F. Dalla Betta; R. Mendicino; L. Pancheri; G. Verzellesi; H. Xu
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Paper Abstract

The PixFEL collaboration has developed the building blocks for an X-ray imager to be used in applications at FELs. In particular, slim edge pixel detectors with high detection efficiency over a broad energy range, from 1 to 12 keV, have been developed. Moreover, a multichannel readout chip, called PFM2 (PixFEL front-end Matrix 2) and consisting of 32 × 32 cells, has been designed and fabricated in a 65 nm CMOS technology. The pixel pitch is 110 μm, the overall area is around 16 mm2. In the chip, different solutions have been implemented for the readout channel, which includes a charge sensitive amplifier (CSA) with dynamic signal compression, a time-variant shaper and an A-to-D converter with a 10 bit resolution. The CSA can be configured in four different gain modes, so as to comply with photon energies in the 1 to 10 keV range. The paper will describe in detail the channel architecture and present the results from the characterization of PFM2. It will discuss the design of a new version of the chip, called PFM3, suitable for post-processing with peripheral, under-pad through silicon vias (TSVs), which are needed to develop four-side buttable chips and cover large surfaces with minimum inactive area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 August 2017
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10392, Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XIX, 103920D (24 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2276966
Show Author Affiliations
L. Lodola, Univ. di Pavia (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
L. Ratti, Univ. di Pavia (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
D. Comotti, Univ. di Bergamo (Italy)
L. Fabris, Oak Ridge National Lab. (Italy)
M. Grassi, Univ. di Pavia (Italy)
P. Malcovati, Univ. di Pavia (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. Manghisoni, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
Univ. di Bergamo (Italy)
V. Re, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
Univ. di Bergamo (Italy)
G. Traversi, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
Univ. di Bergamo (Italy)
C. Vacchi, Univ. di Pavia (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. Batignani, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
S. Bettarini, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
F. Forti, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. Casarosa, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
INFN Pisa (Italy)
F. Morsani, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
A. Paladino, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
E. Paoloni, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
G. Rizzo, Univ. di Pisa (Italy)
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy)
M. A. Benkechkache, Univ. di Trento (Italy)
TIFPA (Italy)
G.-F. Dalla Betta, Univ. di Trento (Italy)
TIFPA (Italy)
R. Mendicino, Univ. di Trento (Italy)
TIFPA (Italy)
L. Pancheri, Univ. di Trento (Italy)
TIFPA (Italy)
G. Verzellesi, Univ. di Modena e Reggio (Italy)
H. Xu, Univ. di Trento (Italy)
TIFPA (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10392:
Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XIX
Arnold Burger; Ralph B. James; Michael Fiederle; Larry Franks; Stephen A. Payne, Editor(s)

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