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Proceedings Paper

Usage of CISS and Conlon surveys in eye accommodation studies
Author(s): Karola Panke; Aiga Svede; Wolfgang Jaschinski; Gunta Krumina
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Paper Abstract

To date, there is no assessment of more than one survey used for a clinical research study that address subjects with and without symptoms related to accommodative or binocular vision disorders. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate two different surveys – CISS and Conlon for the same subject group and analyse also critical visual function parameters. Monocular and binocular accommodative response for 20 subjects was measured for dominant eye with openfield infrared autorefractometer (Shin-Nippon SRW-5000) at three distances (24 cm, 30 cm and 40 cm). Subjects were divided into symptomatic and asymptomatic group using cut off score 21 for CISS and 20 for Conlon survey. We found positive exponential growth relationship between CISS and Conlon scores (R² = 0.7), but separation between symptomatic and asymptomatic group differed significantly depending on which survey was used. We found positive correlation between Conlon score and exophoria at 30 cm (r=0.41, p=0.01) and 24 cm (r=0.27, p=0.03). Relationship between subjective symptoms and following clinical parameters - accommodation lag (r < 0.2, p < 0.05), positive relative accommodation (r < 0.15, p < 0.05) and convergence near point (r = 0.26, p < 0.05) were not significant. Our results confirmed that using different subjective symptom surveys can provide different results within the same subject group, therefore we recommend to use surveys as a part of case history and tool to measure patient satisfaction and results of treatment effectiveness instead of using them for clinical trials as a criteria to divide symptomatic and asymptomatic group.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2017
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10453, Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 104533A (22 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2276618
Show Author Affiliations
Karola Panke, Univ. of Latvia (Latvia)
Aiga Svede, Univ. of Latvia (Latvia)
Wolfgang Jaschinski, Leibniz Research Ctr. for Working Environment and Human Factors (Germany)
Gunta Krumina, Univ. of Latvia (Latvia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10453:
Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe P. C. M. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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