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Prediction of S-NPP VIIRS DNB stray light correction
Author(s): Chengbo Sun; Thomas Schwarting; Hongda Chen; Kwofu Chiang; Xiaoxiong Xiong
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Paper Abstract

The VIIRS Day-Night-Band (DNB) is a panchromatic band with three gain stages used for delivering imagery under conditions ranging from daylight to low light nighttime scenes. Early in the S-NPP mission a gray haze was observed in some nighttime DNB imagery with the cause determined to be stray light contamination. This effect was characterized along with a proposed correction algorithm. The correction algorithm was subsequently included in operational data processing and re-processing. However, in order to process real-time data, prediction of the stray light correction is necessary. In this paper we present a new method to predict the DNB stray light correction Look-Up-Tables (LUTs). Since measurements suitable for characterizing the stray light contamination are sparse (about once a month during new-Moon), and because some of the measurements might not be accurate due to the presences of unaccounted light sources, such as algae glow and lightening, we have applied additional constraints to the model by assuming that certain patterns of the stray light are repeatable. Comparisons of the LUT parameters produced by the prediction algorithm with those from the measurements will be presented along with the impact on the derived Earth View products.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 2017
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 10402, Earth Observing Systems XXII, 104022J (5 September 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2274136
Show Author Affiliations
Chengbo Sun, Global Science & Technology, Inc. (United States)
Thomas Schwarting, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Hongda Chen, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Kwofu Chiang, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Xiaoxiong Xiong, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10402:
Earth Observing Systems XXII
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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