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Proceedings Paper

PRISM (processes research by an imaging spaceborne mission): high-resolution hyperspectral imager for scientific land processes monitoring applications
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Paper Abstract

Dasa (Daimler-Benz Aerospace) currently is in charge of an ESA contract for the PRISM feasibility study, including MATRA MS/France and SIRA/UK. The main PRISM mission objectives are to monitor selected target areas with emphasis on bio-chemical stress analyses which are the subject of changes such as vegetation, in particular deforestation; further areas include glaciers, land/water boundaries, and similar features. The Dasa study team makes use of a similar ESA instrument currently the subject of dedicated subunits technology developments, the HRIS (high resolution imaging spectrometer), also lead by Dasa. Its main features and technology developments are covered in a survey. PRISM is covering most of the HRIS features, i.e., it will have an imaging spectrometer segment for the visible/NIR and the SWIR spectrum (450-2350 nm) as HRIS, but implements four MIR and TIR channels to provide surface temperature data, represented by linear detector arrays (essentially the features of another currently pursued ESA development program designated HRTIR). In a first study phase it also included a novel feature, a wide-angle two-axis pointing system for along- and across-track pointing in order to yield multi-directional reflectance data of dedicated targets, which turned out to be the greatest design driver in the instrument, it was omitted in the later phases. The geometric sampling interval is defined to 50 m (design goal) at 50 km swath. PRISM is currently studied in a feasibility study in a competitive way by two teams, one being lead by Dasa. At the time of the Symposium both studies are completed. The results of the Dasa team are presented. Since PRISM covers most of the HRIS mission it is rather likely that in the case of a successful concept feasibility proof (performance and technology wise), it may later replace the HRIS instrument. It is anticipated that a major part of the technology developments currently performed for HRIS will be utilized -- with some modifications -- for PRISM as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 November 1995
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 2585, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources, (24 November 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.227187
Show Author Affiliations
Bernd Paul Kunkel, Daimler-Benz Aerospace (Germany)
Fritz Blechinger, Daimler-Benz Aerospace (Germany)
Reinhold Lutz, Daimler-Benz Aerospace (Germany)
Winfried Posselt, Daimler-Benz Aerospace (Germany)
Umberto Del Bello, ESTEC (Netherlands)
Roland Meynart, ESTEC (Netherlands)
Daniel R. Lobb, Sira Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Olivier Saint-Pe, Matra Marconi Space France (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2585:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Forestry, and Natural Resources
Edwin T. Engman; Gerard Guyot; Carlo M. Marino, Editor(s)

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