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Proceedings Paper

Phase synchronization of oscillations in cardiovascular and respiratory systems in humans
Author(s): Arina V. Tankanag; Andrey A. Grinevich; Irina V. Tikhonova; Alina V. Chaplygina; Nikolay K. Chemeris
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Paper Abstract

Phase synchronization between blood flow oscillations of left and right forearm skin sites, heart rate variability (HRV) and breath rate were studied from healthy volunteers at rest. The degree of synchronization between the phases of the analyzed signals was estimated from the value of the wavelet phase coherence. High medians of values of phase wavelet coherence function were obtained for the endothelial, neurogenic, myogenic and cardiac intervals. Significant phase synchronization were demonstrated between HRV and skin blood flow oscillations in both left and right forearms in a wide frequency range from 0.04 to 0.4 Hz. Six participants exhibited low phase synchronization (< 0.5) between the breath rate and HRV, while nine participants had high phase synchronization (> 0.5). This distribution was not affected by the sex or sympathovagal status of volunteers. Participants with low phase synchronization between breath rate and HRV featured low phase synchronization (< 0.5) between breath rate and blood flow oscillations in both forearms. Contrariwise, in subjects with high phase synchronization between respiratory rhythm and HRV both low and high phase synchronization between breath rate and blood flow oscillations in both forearms was observed. The results obtained allow us to suggest that the organism possesses a mechanism mediating the synchronization of blood flow oscillations in the skin microvasculature with all other periodical processes across the cardiovascular system, in particular, with HRV and breath rate over a wide frequency range.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 April 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10337, Saratov Fall Meeting 2016: Laser Physics and Photonics XVII; and Computational Biophysics and Analysis of Biomedical Data III, 1033719 (14 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2267492
Show Author Affiliations
Arina V. Tankanag, Institute of Cell Biophysics (Russian Federation)
Andrey A. Grinevich, Institute of Cell Biophysics (Russian Federation)
Irina V. Tikhonova, Institute of Cell Biophysics (Russian Federation)
Alina V. Chaplygina, Lobachevsky State Univ. of Nizhni Novgorod (Russian Federation)
Nikolay K. Chemeris, Institute of Cell Biophysics (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10337:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2016: Laser Physics and Photonics XVII; and Computational Biophysics and Analysis of Biomedical Data III
Vladimir L. Derbov; Vladimir L. Derbov; Dmitry Engelevich Postnov; Dmitry Engelevich Postnov, Editor(s)

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