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Proceedings Paper

Wavelength dispersion characteristics of integrated silicon avalanche LEDs: potential applications in futuristic on-chip micro- and nano-biosensors
Author(s): Timothy A. Okhai; Lukas W. Snyman; Jean-Luc Polleux
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Paper Abstract

Si Av LEDs are easily integrated in on-chip integrated circuitry. They have high modulation frequencies into the GHz range and can be fabricated to sub-micron dimensions. Due to subsurface light generation in the silicon device itself, and the high refractive index differences between silicon and the device environment, the exiting light radiation has interesting dispersion characteristics. Three junction micro p+-np+ Silicon Avalanche based Light Emitting Devices (Si Av LEDs) have been analyzed in terms of dispersion characteristics, generally resulting in different wavelengths of light (colors) being emitted at different angles and solid angles from the surfaces of these devices. The emission wavelength is in the 450 - 850 nm range. The devices are of micron dimension and operate at 8 - 10V, 1μA - 2mA. The emission spot sizes are about 1 micron square. Emission intensities are up to 500 nW.μm-2. The observed dispersion characteristics range from 0.05 degrees per nm per degree at emission angle of 5 degrees, to 0.15 degrees per nm at emission angles of 30 degrees. It is believed that the dispersion characteristics can find interesting and futuristic on-chip electro-optic applications involving particularly a ranging from on chip micro optical wavelength dispersers, communication de-multiplexers, and novel bio-sensor applications. All of these could penetrate into the nanoscale dimensions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 February 2017
PDF: 22 pages
Proc. SPIE 10036, Fourth Conference on Sensors, MEMS, and Electro-Optic Systems, 1003604 (3 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2264200
Show Author Affiliations
Timothy A. Okhai, Univ. Paris-Est (France)
Tshwane Univ. of Technology (South Africa)
Lukas W. Snyman, Univ. of South Africa (South Africa)
Jean-Luc Polleux, Univ. Paris-Est (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10036:
Fourth Conference on Sensors, MEMS, and Electro-Optic Systems
Monuko du Plessis, Editor(s)

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