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Proceedings Paper

CD-SEM metrology and OPC modeling for 2D patterning in advanced technology nodes (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Thomas I. Wallow; Chen Zhang; Anita Fumar-Pici; Jun Chen; Bart Laenens; Christopher A. Spence; David Rio; Paul van Adrichem; Harm Dillen; Jing Wang; Peng-Cheng Yang; Werner Gillijns; Patrick Jaenen; Frieda van Roey; Jeroen van de Kerkhove; Sergey Babin
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Paper Abstract

In the course of assessing OPC compact modeling capabilities and future requirements, we chose to investigate the interface between CD-SEM metrology methods and OPC modeling in some detail. Two linked observations motivated our study: 1) OPC modeling is, in principle, agnostic of metrology methods and best practice implementation. 2) Metrology teams across the industry use a wide variety of equipment, hardware settings, and image/data analysis methods to generate the large volumes of CD-SEM measurement data that are required for OPC in advanced technology nodes. Initial analyses led to the conclusion that many independent best practice metrology choices based on systematic study as well as accumulated institutional knowledge and experience can be reasonably made. Furthermore, these choices can result in substantial variations in measurement of otherwise identical model calibration and verification patterns. We will describe several experimental 2D test cases (i.e., metal, via/cut layers) that examine how systematic changes in metrology practice impact both the metrology data itself and the resulting full chip compact model behavior. Assessment of specific methodology choices will include: • CD-SEM hardware configurations and settings: these may range from SEM beam conditions (voltage, current, etc.,) to magnification, to frame integration optimizations that balance signal-to-noise vs. resist damage. • Image and measurement optimization: these may include choice of smoothing filters for noise suppression, threshold settings, etc. • Pattern measurement methodologies: these may include sampling strategies, CD- and contour- based approaches, and various strategies to optimize the measurement of complex 2D shapes. In addition, we will present conceptual frameworks and experimental methods that allow practitioners of OPC metrology to assess impacts of metrology best practice choices on model behavior. Finally, we will also assess requirements posed by node scaling on OPC model accuracy, and evaluate potential consequences for CD-SEM metrology capabilities and practices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10145, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXXI, 101451Q (28 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2260443
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas I. Wallow, ASML Brion (United States)
Chen Zhang, ASML Brion (United States)
Anita Fumar-Pici, ASML US, Inc. (United States)
Jun Chen, ASML Brion (United States)
Bart Laenens, ASML Brion (United States)
Christopher A. Spence, ASML Brion (United States)
David Rio, ASML Brion (United States)
Paul van Adrichem, ASML Netherlands B.V. (Netherlands)
Harm Dillen, ASML Netherlands B.V. (Netherlands)
Jing Wang, ASML Netherlands B.V. (Netherlands)
Peng-Cheng Yang, ASML Brion (United States)
Werner Gillijns, IMEC (Belgium)
Patrick Jaenen, IMEC (Belgium)
Frieda van Roey, IMEC (Belgium)
Jeroen van de Kerkhove, IMEC (Belgium)
Sergey Babin, aBeam Technologies, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10145:
Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXXI
Martha I. Sanchez, Editor(s)

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