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Modal analysis of a loaded tire with non-contact measurements and piezoelectric excitation
Author(s): Ipar Ferhat; Pablo A. Tarazaga
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Paper Abstract

The complex nature of tires requires very precise test data to model the structure accurately. The highly damped characteristics, geometric features and operational conditions of tires cause various testing difficulties that affect the reliability of the modal testing. One of the biggest challenges of tire testing is exciting the whole tire at once. Conventionally, impact hammers, shakers, and cleats are used as an excitation input. The shortcomings of these excitation methods are the directional and force inconsistency of hammer impacts, coupled dynamics of shakers and speed limitations of cleat excitation. Other challenges of modal testing of tires are the effect of added mass due to sensor placements and difficulty of vibration measurement of a rotating tire with accelerometers. In order to remedy these problems, we conduct experimental modal analysis (EMA) using a non-contact measurement technique and piezoelectric excitation. For non-contact measurement, a 3-D scanning laser doppler vibrometer (SLDV) is used. For the piezoelectric excitation, Micro Fiber Composite (MFC) patches are used due to their flexible nature and power capacity. This excitation method can also be crucial to the excitation of rotating tires since the cleat excitation is not adequate for low-speed measurements. Furthermore, the piezoelectric actuation could be used as sensors as well as noise controllers in operating conditions. For this work, we run experiments for a loaded tire in non-rotating condition. Experiments are carried out for the frequency bandwidth up to 500Hz to capture the structural behavior under high-frequency excitations and its potential coupled behavior to airborne noise.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 April 2017
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 10166, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2017, 1016606 (4 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2258663
Show Author Affiliations
Ipar Ferhat, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Pablo A. Tarazaga, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10166:
Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2017
Dan J. Clingman, Editor(s)

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