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Proceedings Paper

Design and implementation of a remote UAV-based mobile health monitoring system
Author(s): Songwei Li; Yan Wan; Shengli Fu; Mushuang Liu; H. Felix Wu
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Paper Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) play increasing roles in structure health monitoring. With growing mobility in modern Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications, the health monitoring of mobile structures becomes an emerging application. In this paper, we develop a UAV-carried vision-based monitoring system that allows a UAV to continuously track and monitor a mobile infrastructure and transmit back the monitoring information in real- time from a remote location. The monitoring system uses a simple UAV-mounted camera and requires only a single feature located on the mobile infrastructure for target detection and tracking. The computation-effective vision-based tracking solution based on a single feature is an improvement over existing vision-based lead-follower tracking systems that either have poor tracking performance due to the use of a single feature, or have improved tracking performance at a cost of the usage of multiple features. In addition, a UAV-carried aerial networking infrastructure using directional antennas is used to enable robust real-time transmission of monitoring video streams over a long distance. Automatic heading control is used to self-align headings of directional antennas to enable robust communication in mobility. Compared to existing omni-communication systems, the directional communication solution significantly increases the operation range of remote monitoring systems. In this paper, we develop the integrated modeling framework of camera and mobile platforms, design the tracking algorithm, develop a testbed of UAVs and mobile platforms, and evaluate system performance through both simulation studies and field tests.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 April 2017
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 10169, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017, 101690A (19 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2257550
Show Author Affiliations
Songwei Li, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Yan Wan, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
Shengli Fu, Univ. of North Texas (United States)
Mushuang Liu, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington (United States)
H. Felix Wu, U.S. Dept. of Energy (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10169:
Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017
H. Felix Wu; Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Peter J. Shull; Tzu-Yang Yu, Editor(s)

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