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Proceedings Paper

Silicon-based visible light meta-devices (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Jonathan A. Fan; Jianji Yang; David Sell; Sage Doshay; Kai Zhang

Paper Abstract

Semiconducting nanostructures are promising as components in high performance metasurfaces. We show that single crystal silicon can be used to realize efficient metasurface devices across the entire visible spectrum, ranging from 480 to 700 nanometers. Alternative forms of silicon, such as polycrystalline and amorphous silicon, suffer from higher absorption losses and do not yield efficient metasurfaces across this wavelength range. To demonstrate, we theoretically and experimentally characterize the resonant scattering peaks of individual single crystal silicon nanoridges. In addition, we design high efficiency meta-gratings and lenses based on nanoridge arrays, operating at visible wavelengths, using a stochastic optimization approach. We find that at wavelengths where single crystal silicon is effectively lossless, devices based on high aspect ratio nanostructures are optimal. These devices possess efficiencies similar to those made of titanium oxide, which is an established material for high efficiency visible wavelength metasurfaces. At blue wavelengths, where single crystal silicon exhibits absorption losses, optimal devices are instead based on coupled low aspect ratio resonant nanostructures and are able to provide reasonably high efficiencies. We envision that crystalline silicon metasurfaces will enable compact optical systems spanning the full visible spectrum.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10113, High Contrast Metastructures VI, 101130J (28 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255825
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan A. Fan, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Jianji Yang, Stanford Univ. (United States)
David Sell, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Sage Doshay, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Kai Zhang, Stanford Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10113:
High Contrast Metastructures VI
Connie J. Chang-Hasnain; Andrei Faraon; Fumio Koyama; Weimin Zhou, Editor(s)

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