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Proceedings Paper

FOXP3-stained image analysis for follicular lymphoma: optimal adaptive thresholding with maximal nucleus coverage
Author(s): C. Senaras; M. Pennell; W. Chen; B. Sahiner; A. Shana’ah; A. Louissaint; R. P. Hasserjian; G. Lozanski; M. N. Gurcan
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Paper Abstract

Immunohistochemical detection of FOXP3 antigen is a usable marker for detection of regulatory T lymphocytes (TR) in formalin fixed and paraffin embedded sections of different types of tumor tissue. TR plays a major role in homeostasis of normal immune systems where they prevent auto reactivity of the immune system towards the host. This beneficial effect of TR is frequently “hijacked” by malignant cells where tumor-infiltrating regulatory T cells are recruited by the malignant nuclei to inhibit the beneficial immune response of the host against the tumor cells. In the majority of human solid tumors, an increased number of tumor-infiltrating FOXP3 positive TR is associated with worse outcome. However, in follicular lymphoma (FL) the impact of the number and distribution of TR on the outcome still remains controversial. In this study, we present a novel method to detect and enumerate nuclei from FOXP3 stained images of FL biopsies. The proposed method defines a new adaptive thresholding procedure, namely the optimal adaptive thresholding (OAT) method, which aims to minimize under-segmented and over-segmented nuclei for coarse segmentation. Next, we integrate a parameter free elliptical arc and line segment detector (ELSD) as additional information to refine segmentation results and to split most of the merged nuclei. Finally, we utilize a state-of-the-art super-pixel method, Simple Linear Iterative Clustering (SLIC) to split the rest of the merged nuclei. Our dataset consists of 13 region-ofinterest images containing 769 negative and 88 positive nuclei. Three expert pathologists evaluated the method and reported sensitivity values in detecting negative and positive nuclei ranging from 83-100% and 90-95%, and precision values of 98-100% and 99-100%, respectively. The proposed solution can be used to investigate the impact of FOXP3 positive nuclei on the outcome and prognosis in FL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2017
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10140, Medical Imaging 2017: Digital Pathology, 101400E (1 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255671
Show Author Affiliations
C. Senaras, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
M. Pennell, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
W. Chen, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (United States)
B. Sahiner, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (United States)
A. Shana’ah, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
A. Louissaint, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
R. P. Hasserjian, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
G. Lozanski, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)
M. N. Gurcan, The Ohio State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10140:
Medical Imaging 2017: Digital Pathology
Metin N. Gurcan; John E. Tomaszewski, Editor(s)

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