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Proceedings Paper

Fast QC-LDPC code for free space optical communication
Author(s): Jin Wang; Qi Zhang; Chinonso Paschal Udeh; Rangzhong Wu
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Paper Abstract

Free Space Optical (FSO) Communication systems use the atmosphere as a propagation medium. Hence the atmospheric turbulence effects lead to multiplicative noise related with signal intensity. In order to suppress the signal fading induced by multiplicative noise, we propose a fast Quasi-Cyclic (QC) Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) code for FSO Communication systems. As a linear block code based on sparse matrix, the performances of QC-LDPC is extremely near to the Shannon limit. Currently, the studies on LDPC code in FSO Communications is mainly focused on Gauss-channel and Rayleigh-channel, respectively. In this study, the LDPC code design over atmospheric turbulence channel which is nether Gauss-channel nor Rayleigh-channel is closer to the practical situation. Based on the characteristics of atmospheric channel, which is modeled as logarithmic-normal distribution and K-distribution, we designed a special QC-LDPC code, and deduced the log-likelihood ratio (LLR). An irregular QC-LDPC code for fast coding, of which the rates are variable, is proposed in this paper. The proposed code achieves excellent performance of LDPC codes and can present the characteristics of high efficiency in low rate, stable in high rate and less number of iteration. The result of belief propagation (BP) decoding shows that the bit error rate (BER) obviously reduced as the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) increased. Therefore, the LDPC channel coding technology can effectively improve the performance of FSO. At the same time, the BER, after decoding reduces with the increase of SNR arbitrarily, and not having error limitation platform phenomenon with error rate slowing down.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10096, Free-Space Laser Communication and Atmospheric Propagation XXIX, 1009609 (24 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253502
Show Author Affiliations
Jin Wang, China Univ. of Geosciences (China)
Qi Zhang, China Univ. of Geosciences (China)
Chinonso Paschal Udeh, China Univ. of Geosciences (China)
Rangzhong Wu, China Univ. of Geosciences (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10096:
Free-Space Laser Communication and Atmospheric Propagation XXIX
Hamid Hemmati; Don M. Boroson, Editor(s)

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