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Localized surface plasmon enhanced cellular imaging using random metallic structures
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Paper Abstract

We have studied fluorescence cellular imaging with randomly distributed localized near-field induced by silver nano-islands. For the fabrication of nano-islands, a 10-nm silver thin film evaporated on a BK7 glass substrate with an adhesion layer of 2-nm thick chromium. Micrometer sized silver square pattern was defined using e-beam lithography and then the film was annealed at ~ 200°C. Raw images were restored using electric field distribution produced on the surface of random nano-islands. Nano-islands were modeled from SEM images. 488-nm p-polarized light source was set to be incident at 60°. Simulation results show that localized electric fields were created among nano-islands and that their average size was found to be ~135 nm. The feasibility was tested using conventional total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy while the angle of incidence was adjusted to maximize field enhancement. Mouse microphage cells were cultured on nano-islands, and actin filaments were selectively stained with FITC-conjugated phalloidin. Acquired images were deconvolved based on linear imaging theory, in which molecular distribution was sampled by randomly distributed localized near-field and blurred by point spread function of far-field optics. The optimum fluorophore distribution was probabilistically estimated by repetitively matching a raw image. The deconvolved images are estimated to have a resolution in the range of 100-150 nm largely determined by the size of localized near-fields. We also discuss and compare the results with images acquired with periodic nano-aperture arrays in various optical configurations to excite localized plasmonic fields and to produce super-resolved molecular images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10080, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine XIV, 100800E (17 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251763
Show Author Affiliations
Taehwang Son, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Wonju Lee, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Donghyun Kim, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10080:
Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine XIV
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Joseph R. Lakowicz, Editor(s)

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