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Proceedings Paper

Laser damage metrology of PETAL optics
Author(s): Laurent Lamaignère; Martin Sozet; Eric Lavastre; Jérôme Neauport; Nadja Roquin; Laurent Gallais
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Paper Abstract

Laser damage resistance is a key factor for the improvement of high power laser system. The PETAL laser, developed by the CEA-CESTA (France), uses meter scale reflective optics to compress, transport and focalize sub-picosecond laser pulses at 1053nm with high-energy [1]. In the case of defect-free material, laser-induced damage in the sub-picosecond regime is known to be deterministic since the threshold depends only on the electronic structure of the irradiated materials, the pulse duration and the enhancement of the electric fields in thin film coatings. Based on this consideration, a mono-shot technique has been investigated to assess the intrinsic damage resistance of optical component with only one laser shot. On the other hand, while considering real optical components, manufacturing processes included nanoscale defects in the functional coating. These defects can be ejected when irradiated and strongly reduce the laser damage resistance of optics: rasterscan procedure has then been developed to determine defect-induced damage densities. These densities are found to be high even for fluences well below the intrinsic Laser-Induced Damage Threshold and they increase with the fluence. These experiments bring new information on the operating characteristics of optics in short pulse regime. Once damage is triggered, its evolution under subsequent irradiations has also been studied. Growth experiments have been compared to numerical simulations. The investigations on growth behavior allow a better estimation of the functional lifetime of an optic in its operating conditions. The whole of results, damage initiation and damage growth, is discussed to the light of the laser damage observed on PETAL optics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10084, High Power Lasers for Fusion Research IV, 100840C (23 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2249987
Show Author Affiliations
Laurent Lamaignère, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (France)
Ctr. d’Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d’Aquitaine (France)
Martin Sozet, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (France)
Ctr. d’Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d’Aquitaine (France)
Aix-Marseille Univ., Ecole Centrale Marseille, CNRS, Institut Fresnel (France)
Eric Lavastre, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (France)
Ctr. d’Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d’Aquitaine (France)
Jérôme Neauport, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (France)
Ctr. d’Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d’Aquitaine (France)
Nadja Roquin, Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives (France)
Ctr. d’Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques d’Aquitaine (France)
Laurent Gallais, Aix-Marseille Univ., Ecole Centrale Marseille, CNRS, Institut Fresnel (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10084:
High Power Lasers for Fusion Research IV
Abdul A. S. Awwal, Editor(s)

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