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Proceedings Paper

Remote sensing-based vegetation indices for monitoring vegetation change in the semi-arid region of Sudan
Author(s): Majdaldin R. A.; B. A. Osunmadewa; E. Csaplovics; D. Aralova
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Paper Abstract

Land degradation, a phenomenon referring to (drought) in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions as a result of climatic variations and anthropogenic activities most especially in the semi-arid lands of Sudan, where vast majority of the rural population depend solely on agriculture and pasture for their daily livelihood, the ecological pattern had been greatly influenced thereby leading to loss of vegetation cover coupled with climatic variability and replacement of the natural tree composition with invasive mesquite species. The principal aim of this study is to quantitatively examine the vigour of vegetation in Sudan through different vegetation indices. The assessment was done based on indicators such as soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI). Cloud free multi-spectral remotely sensed data from LANDSAT imagery for the dry season periods of 1984 and 2009 were used in this study. Results of this study shows conversion of vegetation to other land use type. In general, an increase in area covered by vegetation was observed from the NDVI results of 2009 which is a contrast of that of 1984. The results of the vegetation indices for NDVI in 1984 (vegetated area) showed that about 21% was covered by vegetation while 49% of the area were covered with vegetation in 2009. Similar increase in vegetated area were observed from the result of SAVI. The decrease in vegetation observed in 1984 is as a result of extensive drought period which affects vegetation productivity thereby accelerating expansion of bare surfaces and sand accumulation. Although, increase in vegetated area were observed from the result of this study, this increase has a negative impact as the natural vegetation are degraded due to human induced activities which gradually led to the replacement of the natural vegetation with invasive tree species. The results of the study shows that NDVI perform better than by SAVI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9998, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XVIII, 99981X (25 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2242002
Show Author Affiliations
Majdaldin R. A., TU Dresden (Germany)
B. A. Osunmadewa, TU Dresden (Germany)
E. Csaplovics, TU Dresden (Germany)
D. Aralova, TU Dresden (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9998:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XVIII
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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