Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Attosecond nanoscale physics of solids in strong ultrafast optical fields (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Mark I Stockman
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

We present our latest results for a new class of phenomena in condensed matter nanooptics when a strong optical field ~1-3 V/Å changes a solid within optical cycle [1-7]. Such a pulse drives ampere-scale currents in dielectrics and adiabatically controls their properties, including optical absorption and reflection, extreme UV absorption, and generation of high harmonics [8] in a non-perturbative manner on a 100-as temporal scale. Applied to a metal, such a pulse causes an instantaneous and, potentially, reversible change from the metallic to semimetallic properties. We will also discuss our latest theoretical results on graphene that in a strong ultrashort pulse field exhibits unique behavior [9, 10]. New phenomena are predicted for buckled two-dimensional solids, silicene and germanine [11]. These are fastest phenomena in optics unfolding within half period of light. They offer potential for petahertz-bandwidth signal processing, generation of high harmonics on a nanometer spatial scale, etc. References 1. M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. F. Kling, and M. I. Stockman, Metallization of Nanofilms in Strong Adiabatic Electric Fields, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 086803-1-4 (2010). 2. M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. F. Kling, and M. I. Stockman, Predicted Ultrafast Dynamic Metallization of Dielectric Nanofilms by Strong Single-Cycle Optical Fields, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 086602-1-5 (2011). 3. A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Muhlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, Optical-Field-Induced Current in Dielectrics, Nature 493, 70-74 (2013). 4. M. Schultze, E. M. Bothschafter, A. Sommer, S. Holzner, W. Schweinberger, M. Fiess, M. Hofstetter, R. Kienberger, V. Apalkov, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, Controlling Dielectrics with the Electric Field of Light, Nature 493, 75-78 (2013). 5. V. Apalkov and M. I. Stockman, Metal Nanofilm in Strong Ultrafast Optical Fields, Phys. Rev. B 88, 245438-1-7 (2013). 6. V. Apalkov and M. I. Stockman, Theory of Dielectric Nanofilms in Strong Ultrafast Optical Fields, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165118-1-13 (2012). 7. F. Krausz and M. I. Stockman, Attosecond Metrology: From Electron Capture to Future Signal Processing, Nat. Phot. 8, 205-213 (2014). 8. T. Higuchi, M. I. Stockman, and P. Hommelhoff, Strong-Field Perspective on High-Harmonic Radiation from Bulk Solids, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 213901-1-5 (2014). 9. H. K. Kelardeh, V. Apalkov, and M. I. Stockman, Wannier-Stark States of Graphene in Strong Electric Field, Phys. Rev. B 90, 085313-1-11 (2014). 10. H. K. Kelardeh, V. Apalkov, and M. I. Stockman, Graphene in Ultrafast and Superstrong Laser Fields, Phys. Rev. B 91, 0454391-8 (2015). 11. H. K. Kelardeh, V. Apalkov, and M. I. Stockman, Ultrafast Field Control of Symmetry, Reciprocity, and Reversibility in Buckled Graphene-Like Materials, Phys. Rev. B 92, 045413-1-9 (2015).

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 November 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9918, Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2016, 991815 (9 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2241269
Show Author Affiliations
Mark I Stockman, Georgia State Univ (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9918:
Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2016
Nader Engheta; Mikhail A. Noginov; Nikolay I. Zheludev, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top