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Proceedings Paper

Using RADARSAT-2 and TerraSAR-X satellite data for the identification of canola crop phenology
Author(s): Anna Pacheco; Heather McNairn; Yifeng Li; George Lampropoulos; Jarrett Powers
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Paper Abstract

Knowing the exact growth stage of agricultural crops can be valuable information for crop management and monitoring. In Canada, canola fields are particularly vulnerable for crop disease development during their flowering stage, especially when the fields are under persistent wet conditions. Clubroot and sclerotinia are diseases that can occur in canola when these two factors come together. Remote sensing can provide an interesting tool for the monitoring of crop phenological stages over large agriculture landscapes. Reliable and frequent access to data is needed to determine field-specific growth stages. Given their all-weather capability, radar sensors are optimal for monitoring such a dynamic crop parameter. In 2014, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada collected crop phenology information over multiple canola fields in the area of Carman, Manitoba. Coincidental to ground data collection, fully polarimetric RADARSAT-2 and dual-polarimetric TerraSAR-X satellite data were acquired over the study site. In collaboration with A. U. G. Signals Ltd., a methodology will be developed and validated for the identification of inflorescence emergence and flowering in canola fields. Analysis of the polarimetric datasets from this study determined that several polarimetric parameters were sensitive to the emergence of flower buds and the flowering stage in canola. The alpha angle and entropy in both the C- and X-band were able to identify these growth stages, in addition to any of the reflectivity ratios and differential reflectivity responses that incorporated an HV response. The RADARSAT-2 scatter diversity, degree of purity and depolarization index also demonstrated great potential at identifying canola flower emergence and flowering. These latter polarimetric parameters along with the reflectivity ratios may be advantageous given their ease in implementation within a larger risk assessment satellite-derived methodology for canola crop disease.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2016
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9998, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XVIII, 999802 (25 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2240789
Show Author Affiliations
Anna Pacheco, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Canada)
Heather McNairn, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Canada)
Yifeng Li, A.U.G. Signals Ltd. (Canada)
George Lampropoulos, A.U.G. Signals Ltd. (Canada)
Jarrett Powers, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9998:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XVIII
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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