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Proceedings Paper

Nanometer figure correction of x-ray mirrors using multiple spring actuators
Author(s): Josep Nicolas; Carles Colldelram; Claude Ruget; Llibert Ribó; Pablo Pedreira; Pedro de la Rubia; Carlos Martín-Nuño; David Úbeda; Albert Tomàs
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Paper Abstract

We present an X-ray mirror bender that includes multiple spring actuators that introduce a controlled deformation of the mirror substrate capable of correcting residual figure errors on the mirror, below one nanometer. For usual mirror dimensions, this requires applying correcting forces with resolution and stability in the order of 0.01 N, and a range up to 20 N, depending on the initial figure error of the mirror. To obtain the required stability, the actuators need to compensate intrinsic mechanical instabilities, such as thermal drifts or the limited repeatability of parts that move during the adjustment of the figure. The concept we propose uses weak springs that allow reducing all these effects below noticeable values. Additional considerations on friction and parasitic components of the force are accounted. The system also includes two independent bending actuators with a larger force range to generate the mean elliptic figure of the mirror. Metrology tests of the performances of the system show that the correctors are repeatable within 0.01 N, and reach much higher resolution. A prototype of the bender has been used to correct the figure error of a 500 mm long mirror below one nanometer (root mean square). The agreement to the predicted figure is better than 0.08 nm rms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 October 2016
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9965, Adaptive X-Ray Optics IV, 996503 (27 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2239533
Show Author Affiliations
Josep Nicolas, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
SLAC National Accelerator Lab. (United States)
Carles Colldelram, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
Claude Ruget, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
Llibert Ribó, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
Pablo Pedreira, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
Pedro de la Rubia, ALBA Sycnhrotron Light Source (Spain)
Carlos Martín-Nuño, SENER Ingeniería y Sistemas (Spain)
David Úbeda, SENER Ingeniería y Sistemas (Spain)
Albert Tomàs, SENER Ingeniería y Sistemas (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9965:
Adaptive X-Ray Optics IV
Stephen L. O'Dell; Ali M. Khounsary, Editor(s)

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