Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper • new

MISTiC Winds: A micro-satellite constellation approach to high resolution observations of the atmosphere using infrared sounding and 3D winds measurements
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

MISTiCTM Winds is an approach to improve short-term weather forecasting based on a miniature high resolution, wide field, thermal emission spectrometry instrument that will provide global tropospheric vertical profiles of atmospheric temperature and humidity at high (3-4 km) horizontal and vertical ( 1 km) spatial resolution. MISTiC’s extraordinarily small size, payload mass of less than 15 kg, and minimal cooling requirements can be accommodated aboard a 27U-class CubeSat or an ESPA-Class micro-satellite. Low fabrication and launch costs enable a LEO sunsynchronous sounding constellation that would collectively provide frequent IR vertical profiles and vertically resolved atmospheric motion vector wind observations in the troposphere. These observations are highly complementary to present and emerging environmental observing systems, and would provide a combination of high vertical and horizontal resolution not provided by any other environmental observing system currently in operation. The spectral measurements that would be provided by MISTiC Winds are similar to those of NASA’s AIRS that was built by BAE Systems and operates aboard the AQUA satellite. These new observations, when assimilated into high resolution numerical weather models, would revolutionize short-term and severe weather forecasting, save lives, and support key economic decisions in the energy, air transport, and agriculture arenas–at much lower cost than providing these observations from geostationary orbit. In addition, this observation capability would be a critical tool for the study of transport processes for water vapor, clouds, pollution, and aerosols. Key remaining technical risks are being reduced through laboratory and airborne testing under NASA’s Instrument Incubator Program.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2016
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9978, CubeSats and NanoSats for Remote Sensing, 997804 (19 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2239272
Show Author Affiliations
K. R. Maschhoff, BAE Systems (United States)
J. J. Polizotti, BAE Systems (United States)
H. H. Aumann, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
J. Susskind, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9978:
CubeSats and NanoSats for Remote Sensing
Thomas S. Pagano, Editor(s)

Video Presentation

MISTiC Winds: A micro-satellite constellation approach to high resolution observations of the atmosphere using infrared sounding and 3D winds measurements



© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top