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Proceedings Paper

Room temperature deposition of zinc oxide thin films by rf-magnetron sputtering for application in solar cells
Author(s): Sanal K. C.; R. R. Trujillo; P. K. Nair; M. T. S. Nair
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Paper Abstract

Recent reports indicate that thin films of oxides of zinc: ZnO, Zn(O,S), or Zn-Mg-O, could be a better buffer component than CdS to provide an adequate band alignment with orthorhombic tin sulphide in thin lm solar cells. Thin films of ZnO were grown by rf-magnetron sputtering on different substrates at room temperature. Thin films of ZnO obtained by different deposition methods show hexagonal crystal structure, usually with a preferential orientation of (002) crystallographic planes parallel to the substrate surface. However, in the present study XRD patterns indicate that thicker ZnO films on glass substrates have preferential growth of (103) planes, while that on chemically deposited CdS or ZnS films preferential orientation of (002) planes persists. Bandgap of ZnO films increases from 3.2 eV to 3.4 eV when the chamber pressure used for deposition varies from 2.3 mTorr to 6 mTorr. ZnO films were incorporated in a solar cell structure stainless steel/SnS(cubic)/SnS(orthorhombic)/SnS(cubic)/CdS/ZnO/ZnO:Al. It showed open-circuit voltage of 0.318 V, short-circuit current density of 3.6 mA/cm2 and conversion efficiency of 0.82%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9936, Thin Films for Solar and Energy Technology VIII, 99360L (23 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2238434
Show Author Affiliations
Sanal K. C., Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
R. R. Trujillo, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
P. K. Nair, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
M. T. S. Nair, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9936:
Thin Films for Solar and Energy Technology VIII
Michael J. Heben; Mowafak M. Al-Jassim, Editor(s)

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