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Proceedings Paper

Incoherent charge separation dynamics in organic photovoltaics
Author(s): Shyamal K. K. Prasad; Joseph K. Gallaher; Alex J. Barker; Han Young Woo; Mamatimin Abbas; Lionel Hirsch; Justin M. Hodgkiss
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Paper Abstract

There is mounting evidence that long-range charge separation determines the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells, yet different mechanisms remain under debate. One class of proposed mechanism is ultrafast coherent long-range charge separation, and another is a slower process whereby charges incoherently hop apart with a transiently enhanced mobility due to morphology and disorder. Here, we use transient absorption spectroscopy to probe incoherent charge separation dynamics in two different ways. First, we use a family of polymers whose backbone structures allows us to compare 2- phase donor-acceptor morphologies with 3-phase morphologies that feature an intermixed region. In the 3-phase system, we see pronounced spectral signatures associated with charges (holes) occupying the disordered intermixed region, and we track separation via biased charge diffusion to more ordered neat regions on the timescale of hundreds of picoseconds. Secondly, by resolving bimolecular charge recombination at high excitation density, we show that charge mobilities must be substantially enhanced on early timescales, which may be sufficient for separation to occur. Together, these measurements provide support for models of incoherent and relatively slow charge separation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2016
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9923, Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials XV, 99231F (26 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2238234
Show Author Affiliations
Shyamal K. K. Prasad, Victoria Univ. of Wellington (New Zealand)
Joseph K. Gallaher, Victoria Univ. of Wellington (New Zealand)
Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)
Alex J. Barker, Victoria Univ. of Wellington (New Zealand)
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (Italy)
Han Young Woo, Korea Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Mamatimin Abbas, Univ. Bordeaux, IMS, CNRS (France)
Lionel Hirsch, Univ. Bordeaux, IMS, CNRS (France)
Justin M. Hodgkiss, Victoria Univ. of Wellington (New Zealand)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9923:
Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials XV
Artem A. Bakulin; Robert Lovrincic; Natalie Banerji, Editor(s)

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