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Ultrafast photoinduced charge transfer in pi-conjugated electron systems: Effects of structure, delocalization, and energetics (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Kirk S. Schanze; Austin Jones; Melissa Gish; Charles J. Zeman; Amani A. Alsam; Shawkat M. Aly; John M. Papanikolas; Omar F. Mohammed
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Paper Abstract

Photoinduced charge transfer is a key step in the mechanism of charge generation in organic solar cells. Charge transfer typically occurs from a photoexcited conjugated polymer donor to an electron acceptor. In an effort to better understand the primary events in solar cells, we have investigated photoinduced charge transfer in model donor-acceptor systems consisting of pi-conjugated oligomer donors that are covalently linked to diimide electron acceptors. These studies utilized oligo(thiophene), oligo(phenylene ethynylene) and oligo(fluorene) pi-conjugated systems with lengths varying from 4 to 12 repeat units linked to naphthalene diimide electron acceptors. Excitation with 100 femtosecond pulses at wavelengths correspoinding to the conjugated oligomer absorption band(s) leads to rapid photoinduced charge transfer to produce a charge separated state, (oligomer+)-(NDI-), which subsequently decays on timescales ranging from 100 ps to 5 ns. The dynamics of the forward and reverse electron transfer reactions depend strongly on the structure and length of the pi-conjugated oligomers, with the fastest rates occurring for oligo(thiophene)s, and considerably slower rates for oligo(phenylene ethynylene)s. The talk will discuss the structure-property relationships and energetic correlations that control the dynamics of charge separation and recombination.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2016
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 9939, Light Manipulating Organic Materials and Devices III, 993902 (3 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2237946
Show Author Affiliations
Kirk S. Schanze, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Austin Jones, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Melissa Gish, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Charles J. Zeman, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Amani A. Alsam, King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)
Shawkat M. Aly, King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)
John M. Papanikolas, The Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (United States)
Omar F. Mohammed, King Abdullah Univ. of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9939:
Light Manipulating Organic Materials and Devices III
Joy E. Haley; Jon A. Schuller; Manfred Eich; Jean-Michel Nunzi, Editor(s)

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