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Proceedings Paper

Direct induction of molecular alignment in liquid crystal polymer network film by photopolymerization
Author(s): K. Hisano; M. Aizawa; M. Ishizu; Y. Kurata; A. Shishido
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Paper Abstract

Liquid crystal (LC) is the promising material for the fabrication of high-performance soft, flexible devices. The fascinating and useful properties arise from their cooperative effect that inherently allows the macroscopic integration and control of molecular alignment through various external stimuli. To date, light-matter interaction is the most attractive stimuli and researchers developed photoalignment through photochemical or photophysical reactions triggered by linearly polarized light. Here we show the new choice based on molecular diffusion by photopolymerization. We found that photopolymerization of a LC monomer and a crosslinker through a photomask enables to direct molecular alignment in the resultant LC polymer network film. The key generating the molecular alignment is molecular diffusion due to the difference of chemical potentials between irradiated and unirradiated regions. This concept is applicable to various shapes of photomask and two-dimensional molecular alignments can be fabricated depending on the spatial design of photomask. By virtue of the inherent versatility of molecular diffusion in materials, the process would shed light on the fabrication of various high-performance flexible materials with molecular alignment having controlled patterns.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9940, Liquid Crystals XX, 99400B (23 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2236148
Show Author Affiliations
K. Hisano, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
M. Aizawa, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
M. Ishizu, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Y. Kurata, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
A. Shishido, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9940:
Liquid Crystals XX
Iam Choon Khoo, Editor(s)

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