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Proceedings Paper

A conjunct near-surface spectroscopy system for fix-angle and multi-angle continuous measurements of canopy reflectance and sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence
Author(s): Qian Zhang; Yifeng Fan; Yongguang Zhang; Shuren Chou; Weimin Ju; Jing M. Chen
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Paper Abstract

An automated spectroscopy system, which is divided into fix-angle and multi-angle subsystems, for collecting simultaneous, continuous and long-term measurements of canopy hyper-spectra in a crop ecosystem is developed. The fix-angle subsystem equips two spectrometers: one is HR2000+ (OceanOptics) covering the spectral range 200–1100 nm with 1.0 nm spectral resolution, and another one is QE65PRO (OceanOptics) providing 0.1 nm spectral resolution within the 730-780 nm spectral range. Both spectrometers connect a cosine-corrected fiber-optic fixed up-looking to collect the down-welling irradiance and a bare fiber-optic to measure the up-welling radiance from the vegetation. An inline fiber-optic shutter FOS-2x2-TTL (OceanOptics) is used to switch between input fibers to collect the signal from either the canopy or sky at one time. QE65PRO is used to permit estimation of vegetation Sun-Induced Fluorescence (SIF) in the O2-A band. The data collection scheme includes optimization of spectrometer integration time to maximize the signal to noise ratio and measurement of instrument dark currency. The multi-angle subsystem, which can help understanding bidirectional reflectance effects, alternatively use HR4000 (OceanOptics) providing 0.1 nm spectral resolution within the 680-800 nm spectral range to measure multi-angle SIF. This subsystem additionally includes a spectrometer Unispec-DC (PPSystems) featuring both up-welling and down-welling channels with 3 nm spectral resolution covering the 300-1100 nm spectral range. Two down-looking fiber-optics are mounted on a rotating device PTU-D46 (FLIR Systems), which can rotate horizontally and vertically at 10° angular step widths. Observations can be used to calculate canopy reflectance, vegetation indices and SIF for monitoring plant physiological processes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2016
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9977, Remote Sensing System Engineering VI, 99770C (19 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2236145
Show Author Affiliations
Qian Zhang, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Yifeng Fan, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Yongguang Zhang, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Shuren Chou, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Weimin Ju, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Jing M. Chen, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Univ. of Toronto (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9977:
Remote Sensing System Engineering VI
Philip E. Ardanuy; Jeffery J. Puschell, Editor(s)

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