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Proceedings Paper

Blue camera of the Keck cosmic web imager, fabrication and testing
Author(s): Constance Rockosi; David Cowley; Jerry Cabak; David Hilyard; Terry Pfister
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Paper Abstract

The Keck Cosmic Web Imager (KCWI) is a new facility instrument being developed for the W. M. Keck Observatory and funded for construction by the Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP) of the National Science Foundation (NSF). KCWI is a bench-mounted spectrograph for the Keck II right Nasmyth focal station, providing integral field spectroscopy over a seeing-limited field up to 20" x 33" in extent. Selectable Volume Phase Holographic (VPH) gratings provide high efficiency and spectral resolution in the range of 1000 to 20000. The dual-beam design of KCWI passed a Preliminary Design Review in summer 2011. The detailed design of the KCWI blue channel (350 to 700 nm) is now nearly complete, with the red channel (530 to 1050 nm) planned for a phased implementation contingent upon additional funding. KCWI builds on the experience of the Caltech team in implementing the Cosmic Web Imager (CWI), in operation since 2009 at Palomar Observatory. KCWI adds considerable flexibility to the CWI design, and will take full advantage of the excellent seeing and dark sky above Mauna Kea with a selectable nod-and-shuffle observing mode. In this paper, models of the expected KCWI sensitivity and background subtraction capability are presented, along with a detailed description of the instrument design. The KCWI team is lead by Caltech (project management, design and implementation) in partnership with the University of California at Santa Cruz (camera optical and mechanical design) and the W. M. Keck Observatory (program oversight and observatory interfaces). The optical design of the blue camera for the Keck Cosmic Web Imager (KCWI) by Harland Epps of the University of California, Santa Cruz is a lens assembly consisting of eight spherical optical elements. Half the elements are calcium fluoride and all elements are air spaced. The design of the camera barrel is unique in that all the optics are secured in their respective cells with an RTV annulus without additional hardware such as retaining rings. The optical design and the robust lens mounting concept has allowed UCO/Lick to design a straightforward lens camera assembly. However, alignment sensitivity is a strict 15 μm for most elements. This drives the fabrication, assembly, and performance of the camera barrel.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 August 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9908, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, 990854 (9 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2233614
Show Author Affiliations
Constance Rockosi, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (United States)
David Cowley, UC Observatories, Univ. of California (United States)
Jerry Cabak, UC Observatories, Univ. of California (United States)
David Hilyard, UC Observatories, Univ. of California (United States)
Terry Pfister, UC Observatories, Univ. of California (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9908:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
Christopher J. Evans; Luc Simard; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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