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Proceedings Paper

An overview of the mid-infrared spectro-interferometer MATISSE: science, concept, and current status
Author(s): A. Matter; B. Lopez; P. Antonelli; M. Lehmitz; F. Bettonvil; U. Beckmann; S. Lagarde; W. Jaffe; R. Petrov; P. Berio; F. Millour; S. Robbe-Dubois; A. Glindemann; P. Bristow; M. Schoeller; T. Lanz; T. Henning; G. Weigelt; M. Heininger; S. Morel; P. Cruzalebes; K. Meisenheimer; R. Hofferbert; S. Wolf; Y. Bresson; T. Agocs; F. Allouche; J.-C. Augereau; G. Avila; C. Bailet; J. Behrend; G. van Belle; J.-P. Berger; R. van Boekel; P. Bourget; R. Brast; J.-M. Clausse; C. Connot; R. Conzelmann; G. Csepany; W. C. Danchi; M. Delbo; C. Dominik; A. van Duin; E. Elswijk; Y. Fantei; G. Finger; A. Gabasch; F. Gonté; U. Graser; F. Guitton; S. Guniat; M. De Haan; P. Haguenauer; H. Hanenburg; K.-H. Hofmann; M. Hogerheijde; R. ter Horst; J. Hron; C Hummel; J. Isderda; D. Ives; G. Jakob; A. Jasko; P. Jolley; S. Kiraly; J. Kragt; T. Kroener; G. Kroes; S. Kuindersma; L. Labadie; W. Laun; C. Leinert; J.-L. Lizon; C. Lucuix; A. Marcotto; F. Martinache; G. Martinot-Lagarde; N. Mauclert; L. Mehrgan; A. Meilland; M. Mellein; S. Menardi; A. Merand; U. Neumann; E. Nussbaum; S. Ottogalli; R. Palsa; J. Panduro; E. Pantin; I. Percheron; T. Phan Duc; J.-U. Pott; E. Pozna; R. Roelfsema; G. Rupprecht; D. Schertl; C. Schmidt; M. Schuil; A. Spang; J. Stegmeier; N. Tromp; F. Vakili; M. Vannier; K. Wagner; L. Venema; J. Woillez
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Paper Abstract

MATISSE is the second-generation mid-infrared spectrograph and imager for the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at Paranal. This new interferometric instrument will allow significant advances by opening new avenues in various fundamental research fields: studying the planet-forming region of disks around young stellar objects, understanding the surface structures and mass loss phenomena affecting evolved stars, and probing the environments of black holes in active galactic nuclei. As a first breakthrough, MATISSE will enlarge the spectral domain of current optical interferometers by offering the L and M bands in addition to the N band. This will open a wide wavelength domain, ranging from 2.8 to 13 μm, exploring angular scales as small as 3 mas (L band) / 10 mas (N band). As a second breakthrough, MATISSE will allow mid-infrared imaging - closure-phase aperture-synthesis imaging - with up to four Unit Telescopes (UT) or Auxiliary Telescopes (AT) of the VLTI. Moreover, MATISSE will offer a spectral resolution range from R ∼ 30 to R ∼ 5000. Here, we present one of the main science objectives, the study of protoplanetary disks, that has driven the instrument design and motivated several VLTI upgrades (GRA4MAT and NAOMI). We introduce the physical concept of MATISSE including a description of the signal on the detectors and an evaluation of the expected performances. We also discuss the current status of the MATISSE instrument, which is entering its testing phase, and the foreseen schedule for the next two years that will lead to the first light at Paranal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 August 2016
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9907, Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging V, 99070A (4 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2233052
Show Author Affiliations
A. Matter, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
B. Lopez, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
P. Antonelli, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
M. Lehmitz, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
F. Bettonvil, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
U. Beckmann, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
S. Lagarde, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
W. Jaffe, Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
R. Petrov, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
P. Berio, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
F. Millour, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
S. Robbe-Dubois, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
A. Glindemann, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
P. Bristow, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
M. Schoeller, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
T. Lanz, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
T. Henning, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
G. Weigelt, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
M. Heininger, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
S. Morel, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
P. Cruzalebes, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
K. Meisenheimer, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
R. Hofferbert, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
S. Wolf, Christian-Albrechts-Univ. zu Kiel (Germany)
Y. Bresson, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
T. Agocs, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
F. Allouche, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
J.-C. Augereau, Univ. de Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG (France)
G. Avila, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
C. Bailet, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
J. Behrend, Max-Planck for Radioastronomy (Germany)
G. van Belle, Lowell Observatory (United States)
J.-P. Berger, Univ. de Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG (France)
R. van Boekel, Max-Planck Insititute for Astronomy (Germany)
P. Bourget, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
R. Brast, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
J.-M. Clausse, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
C. Connot, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
R. Conzelmann, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
G. Csepany, Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical Institute (Hungary)
W. C. Danchi, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
M. Delbo, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
C. Dominik, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
A. van Duin, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
E. Elswijk, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Y. Fantei, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
G. Finger, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
A. Gabasch, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
F. Gonté, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
U. Graser, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
F. Guitton, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
S. Guniat, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
M. De Haan, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
P. Haguenauer, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
H. Hanenburg, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
K.-H. Hofmann, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
M. Hogerheijde, Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
R. ter Horst, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
J. Hron, Univ. of Vienna (Austria)
C Hummel, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
J. Isderda, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
D. Ives, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
G. Jakob, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
A. Jasko, Lowell Observatory (United States)
P. Jolley, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
S. Kiraly, Lowell Observatory (United States)
J. Kragt, Max-Plank Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
T. Kroener, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
G. Kroes, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
S. Kuindersma, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
L. Labadie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
W. Laun, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
C. Leinert, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
J.-L. Lizon, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
C. Lucuix, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
A. Marcotto, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
F. Martinache, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
G. Martinot-Lagarde, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
N. Mauclert, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
L. Mehrgan, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
A. Meilland, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
M. Mellein, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
S. Menardi, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
A. Merand, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
U. Neumann, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
E. Nussbaum, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
S. Ottogalli, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
R. Palsa, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
J. Panduro, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
E. Pantin, Lab. AIM, CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
I. Percheron, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
T. Phan Duc, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
J.-U. Pott, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
E. Pozna, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
R. Roelfsema, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
G. Rupprecht, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
D. Schertl, Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
C. Schmidt, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
M. Schuil, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
A. Spang, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
J. Stegmeier, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
N. Tromp, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
F. Vakili, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
M. Vannier, Lab. Lagrange, Univ. Côte d'Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, CNRS (France)
K. Wagner, Max-Planck Institute for Astronomy (Germany)
L. Venema, NOVA ASTRON (Netherlands)
Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
J. Woillez, European Southern Observatory (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9907:
Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging V
Fabien Malbet; Michelle J. Creech-Eakman; Peter G. Tuthill, Editor(s)

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