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Proceedings Paper

CryoPAF4: a cryogenic phased array feed design
Author(s): Lisa Locke; Dominic Garcia; Mark Halman; Doug Henke; Gary Hovey; Nianhua Jiang; Lewis Knee; Gordon Lacy; David Loop; Michael Rupen; Bruce Veidt; Ramunas Wierzbicki
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Paper Abstract

Phased array feed (PAF) receivers used on radio astronomy telescopes offer the promise of increased fields of view while maintaining the superlative performance attained with traditional single pixel feeds (SPFs). However, the much higher noise temperatures of room temperature PAFs compared to cryogenically-cooled SPFs have prevented their general adoption. Here we describe a conceptual design for a cryogenically cooled 2.8 – 5.18 GHz dual linear polarization PAF with estimated receiver temperature of 11 K. The cryogenic PAF receiver will comprise a 140 element Vivaldi antenna array and low-noise amplifiers housed in a 480 mm diameter cylindrical dewar covered with a RF transparent radome. A broadband two-section coaxial feed is integrated within each metal antenna element to withstand the cryogenic environment and to provide a 50 ohm impedance for connection to the rest of the receiver. The planned digital beamformer performs digitization, frequency band selection, beam forming and array covariance matrix calibration. Coupling to a 15 m offset Gregorian dual-reflector telescope, cryoPAF4 can expect to form 18 overlapping beams increasing the field of view by a factor of ~8x compared to a single pixel receiver of equal system temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 July 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9914, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII, 99141P (19 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232190
Show Author Affiliations
Lisa Locke, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Dominic Garcia, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Mark Halman, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Doug Henke, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Gary Hovey, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Nianhua Jiang, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Lewis Knee, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Gordon Lacy, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
David Loop, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Michael Rupen, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Bruce Veidt, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)
Ramunas Wierzbicki, NRC - Herzberg Astronomy & Astrophysics (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9914:
Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII
Wayne S. Holland; Jonas Zmuidzinas, Editor(s)

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