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Proceedings Paper

Development of x-ray microcalorimeter imaging spectrometers for the X-ray Surveyor mission concept
Author(s): Simon R. Bandler; Joseph S. Adams; James A. Chervenak; Aaron M. Datesman; Megan E. Eckart; Fred M. Finkbeiner; Richard L. Kelley; Caroline A. Kilbourne; Gabriele Betancourt-Martinez; Antoine R. Miniussi; Frederick S. Porter; John E. Sadleir; Kazuhiro Sakai; Stephen J. Smith; Thomas R. Stevenson; Nicholas A. Wakeham; Edward J. Wassell; Wonsik Yoon; Dan Becker; Douglas Bennett; William B. Doriese; Joseph W. Fowler; Johnathan D. Gard; Gene C. Hilton; Benjamin Mates; Kelsey M. Morgan; Carl D. Reintsema; Daniel Swetz; Joel N. Ullom; Saptarshi Chaudhuri; Kent D. Irwin; Sang-Jun Lee; Alexey Vikhlinin
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Paper Abstract

Four astrophysics missions are currently being studied by NASA as candidate large missions to be chosen in the 2020 astrophysics decadal survey.1 One of these missions is the “X-Ray Surveyor” (XRS), and possible configurations of this mission are currently under study by a science and technology definition team (STDT). One of the key instruments under study is an X-ray microcalorimeter, and the requirements for such an instrument are currently under discussion. In this paper we review some different detector options that exist for this instrument, and discuss what array formats might be possible. We have developed one design option that utilizes either transition-edge sensor (TES) or magnetically coupled calorimeters (MCC) in pixel array-sizes approaching 100 kilo-pixels. To reduce the number of sensors read out to a plausible scale, we have assumed detector geometries in which a thermal sensor such a TES or MCC can read out a sub-array of 20-25 individual 1” pixels. In this paper we describe the development status of these detectors, and also discuss the different options that exist for reading out the very large number of pixels.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 July 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 99050Q (19 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232156
Show Author Affiliations
Simon R. Bandler, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Joseph S. Adams, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Ctr. for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (United States)
Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County (United States)
James A. Chervenak, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Aaron M. Datesman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Stinger-Ghaffarian Technologies (United States)
Megan E. Eckart, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Fred M. Finkbeiner, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Wyle Information Systems, Inc. (United States)
Richard L. Kelley, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Caroline A. Kilbourne, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Gabriele Betancourt-Martinez, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Ctr. for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (United States)
Univ. of Maryland College Park (United States)
Antoine R. Miniussi, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Ctr. for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (United States)
Univ. Space Research Association (United States)
Frederick S. Porter, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
John E. Sadleir, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Kazuhiro Sakai, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Ctr. for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (United States)
Univ. Space Research Association (United States)
Stephen J. Smith, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Ctr. for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (United States)
Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County (United States)
Thomas R. Stevenson, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Nicholas A. Wakeham, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Univ. Space Research Association (United States)
Edward J. Wassell, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Stinger-Ghaffarian Technologies (United States)
Wonsik Yoon, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Univ. Space Research Association (United States)
Dan Becker, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Douglas Bennett, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
William B. Doriese, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Joseph W. Fowler, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Johnathan D. Gard, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Colorado Univ. (United States)
Gene C. Hilton, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Benjamin Mates, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Colorado Univ. (United States)
Kelsey M. Morgan, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Carl D. Reintsema, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Daniel Swetz, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Joel N. Ullom, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Colorado Univ. (United States)
Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Kent D. Irwin, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Sang-Jun Lee, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Alexey Vikhlinin, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observaotry (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9905:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Jan-Willem A. den Herder; Tadayuki Takahashi; Marshall Bautz, Editor(s)

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