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Proceedings Paper

Upgraded cameras for the HESS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes
Author(s): Gianluca Giavitto; Terry Ashton; Arnim Balzer; David Berge; Francois Brun; Thomas Chaminade; Eric Delagnes; Gérard Fontaine; Matthias Füßling; Berrie Giebels; Jean-François Glicenstein; Tobias Gräber; James Hinton; Albert Jahnke; Stefan Klepser; Marko Kossatz; Axel Kretzschmann; Valentin Lefranc; Holger Leich; Hartmut Lüdecke; Iryna Lypova; Pascal Manigot; Vincent Marandon; Emmanuel Moulin; Mathieu de Naurois; Patrick Nayman; Marek Penno; Duncan Ross; David Salek; Markus Schade; Thomas Schwab; Rachel Simoni; Christian Stegmann; Constantin Steppa; Julian Thornhill; François Toussnel
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Paper Abstract

The High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) is an array of five imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, sensitive to cosmic gamma rays of energies between ~30 GeV and several tens of TeV. Four of them started operations in 2003 and their photomultiplier tube (PMT) cameras are currently undergoing a major upgrade, with the goals of improving the overall performance of the array and reducing the failure rate of the ageing systems. With the exception of the 960 PMTs, all components inside the camera have been replaced: these include the readout and trigger electronics, the power, ventilation and pneumatic systems and the control and data acquisition software. New designs and technical solutions have been introduced: the readout makes use of the NECTAr analog memory chip, which samples and stores the PMT signals and was developed for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). The control of all hardware subsystems is carried out by an FPGA coupled to an embedded ARM computer, a modular design which has proven to be very fast and reliable. The new camera software is based on modern C++ libraries such as Apache Thrift, ØMQ and Protocol buffers, offering very good performance, robustness, flexibility and ease of development. The first camera was upgraded in 2015, the other three cameras are foreseen to follow in fall 2016. We describe the design, the performance, the results of the tests and the lessons learned from the first upgraded H.E.S.S. camera.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 August 2016
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9908, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, 99082H (9 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231865
Show Author Affiliations
Gianluca Giavitto, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Terry Ashton, Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom)
Arnim Balzer, Univ. van Amsterdam (Netherlands)
David Berge, Univ. van Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Francois Brun, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Thomas Chaminade, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Eric Delagnes, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Gérard Fontaine, Lab. Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)
Matthias Füßling, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Berrie Giebels, Lab. Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)
Jean-François Glicenstein, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Tobias Gräber, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
James Hinton, Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (Germany)
Albert Jahnke, Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (Germany)
Stefan Klepser, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Marko Kossatz, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Axel Kretzschmann, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Valentin Lefranc, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Holger Leich, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Hartmut Lüdecke, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Iryna Lypova, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Pascal Manigot, Lab. Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)
Vincent Marandon, Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (Germany)
Emmanuel Moulin, DSM/IRFU CEA Saclay (France)
Mathieu de Naurois, Lab. Leprince Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)
Patrick Nayman, LPNHE, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 (France)
Univ. Denis Diderot Paris 7 (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)
Marek Penno, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Duncan Ross, Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom)
David Salek, Univ. van Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Markus Schade, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Thomas Schwab, Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik (Germany)
Rachel Simoni, Univ. van Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Christian Stegmann, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Constantin Steppa, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Germany)
Julian Thornhill, Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom)
François Toussnel, LPNHE, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6 (France)
Univ. Denis Diderot Paris 7 (France)
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9908:
Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
Christopher J. Evans; Luc Simard; Hideki Takami, Editor(s)

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