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Proceedings Paper

A collimated beam projector for precise telescope calibration
Author(s): Michael Coughlin; T. M. C. Abbott; Kairn Brannon; Chuck Claver; Peter Doherty; Merlin Fisher-Levine; Patrick Ingraham; Robert Lupton; Nicholas Mondrik; Christopher Stubbs
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Paper Abstract

The precise determination of the instrumental response function versus wavelength is a central ingredient in contemporary photometric calibration strategies. This typically entails propagating narrowband illumination through the system pupil, and comparing the detected photon rate across the focal plane to the amount of incident light as measured by a calibrated photodiode. However, stray light effects and reflections/ghosting (especially on the edges of filter passbands) in the optical train constitute a major source of systematic uncertainty when using a at-field screen as the illumination source. A collimated beam projector that projects a mask onto the focal plane of the instrument can distinguish focusing light paths from stray and scattered light, allowing for a precise determination of instrumental throughput. This paper describes the conceptual design of such a system, outlines its merits, and presents results from a prototype system used with the Dark Energy Camera wide field imager on the 4-meter Blanco telescope. A calibration scheme that blends results from at-field images with collimated beam projector data to obtain the equivalent of an illumination correction at high spectral and angular resolution is also presented. In addition to providing a precise system throughput calibration, by monitoring the evolution of the intensity and behaviour of the ghosts in the optical system, the collimated beam projector can be used to track the evolution of the filter transmission properties and various anti-reflective coatings in the optical system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 July 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9910, Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems VI, 99100V (15 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231677
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Coughlin, Harvard Univ. (United States)
T. M. C. Abbott, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (Chile)
Kairn Brannon, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Chuck Claver, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (United States)
Peter Doherty, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Merlin Fisher-Levine, Brookhaven National Lab. (United States)
Princeton Univ. (United States)
Patrick Ingraham, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (United States)
Robert Lupton, Princeton Univ. (United States)
Nicholas Mondrik, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Christopher Stubbs, Harvard Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9910:
Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems VI
Alison B. Peck; Robert L. Seaman; Chris R. Benn, Editor(s)

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