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Proceedings Paper

Planet Formation Imager (PFI): science vision and key requirements
Author(s): Stefan Kraus; John D. Monnier; Michael J. Ireland; Gaspard Duchêne; Catherine Espaillat; Sebastian Hönig; Attila Juhasz; Chris Mordasini; Johan Olofsson; Claudia Paladini; Keivan Stassun; Neal Turner; Gautam Vasisht; Tim J. Harries; Matthew R. Bate; Jean-François Gonzalez; Alexis Matter; Zhaohuan Zhu; Olja Panic; Zsolt Regaly; Alessandro Morbidelli; Farzana Meru; Sebastian Wolf; John Ilee; Jean-Philippe Berger; Ming Zhao; Quentin Kral; Andreas Morlok; Amy Bonsor; David Ciardi; Stephen R. Kane; Kaitlin Kratter; Greg Laughlin; Joshua Pepper; Sean Raymond; Lucas Labadie; Richard P. Nelson; Gerd Weigelt; Theo ten Brummelaar; Arnaud Pierens; Rene Oudmaijer; Wilhelm Kley; Benjamin Pope; Eric L. N. Jensen; Amelia Bayo; Michael Smith; Tabetha Boyajian; Luis Henry Quiroga-Nuñez; Rafael Millan-Gabet; Andrea Chiavassa; Alexandre Gallenne; Mark Reynolds; Willem-Jan de Wit; Markus Wittkowski; Florentin Millour; Poshak Gandhi; Cristina Ramos Almeida; Almudena Alonso Herrero; Chris Packham; Makoto Kishimoto; Konrad R. W. Tristram; Jörg-Uwe Pott; Jean Surdej; David Buscher; Chris Haniff; Sylvestre Lacour; Romain Petrov; Steve Ridgway; Peter Tuthill; Gerard van Belle; Phil Armitage; Clement Baruteau; Myriam Benisty; Bertram Bitsch; Sijme-Jan Paardekooper; Christophe Pinte; Frederic Masset; Giovanni Rosotti
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Paper Abstract

The Planet Formation Imager (PFI) project aims to provide a strong scientific vision for ground-based optical astronomy beyond the upcoming generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. We make the case that a breakthrough in angular resolution imaging capabilities is required in order to unravel the processes involved in planet formation. PFI will be optimised to provide a complete census of the protoplanet population at all stellocentric radii and over the age range from 0.1 to ~100 Myr. Within this age period, planetary systems undergo dramatic changes and the final architecture of planetary systems is determined. Our goal is to study the planetary birth on the natural spatial scale where the material is assembled, which is the "Hill Sphere" of the forming planet, and to characterise the protoplanetary cores by measuring their masses and physical properties. Our science working group has investigated the observational characteristics of these young protoplanets as well as the migration mechanisms that might alter the system architecture. We simulated the imprints that the planets leave in the disk and study how PFI could revolutionise areas ranging from exoplanet to extragalactic science. In this contribution we outline the key science drivers of PFI and discuss the requirements that will guide the technology choices, the site selection, and potential science/technology tradeoffs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 August 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9907, Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging V, 99071K (4 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231067
Show Author Affiliations
Stefan Kraus, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
John D. Monnier, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Michael J. Ireland, Australian National Univ. (Australia)
Gaspard Duchêne, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, Grenoble Univ. Alpes, CNRS (France)
Catherine Espaillat, Boston Univ. (United States)
Sebastian Hönig, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Attila Juhasz, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Chris Mordasini, Univ. of Bern (Switzerland)
Johan Olofsson, Instituto de Fisica y Astronomia Valpariaso (Chile)
Claudia Paladini, Univ. Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Keivan Stassun, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Neal Turner, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Gautam Vasisht, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Tim J. Harries, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Matthew R. Bate, Univ. of Exeter (United Kingdom)
Jean-François Gonzalez, Univ. Lyon, Univ. Lyon 1, CNRS, Ctr. de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (France)
Alexis Matter, Univ. of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Zhaohuan Zhu, Princeton Univ. (United States)
Olja Panic, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Zsolt Regaly, Konkoly Observatory (Hungary)
Alessandro Morbidelli, Univ. of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Farzana Meru, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Sebastian Wolf, Univ. of Kiel (Germany)
John Ilee, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Jean-Philippe Berger, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Ming Zhao, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Quentin Kral, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Andreas Morlok, Institut für Planetologie Münster (Germany)
Amy Bonsor, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
David Ciardi, NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (United States)
Stephen R. Kane, San Francisco State Univ. (United States)
Kaitlin Kratter, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Greg Laughlin, Yale Univ. (United States)
Joshua Pepper, Lehigh Univ. (United States)
Sean Raymond, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux (France)
Lucas Labadie, Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
Richard P. Nelson, Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Gerd Weigelt, Max Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (Germany)
Theo ten Brummelaar, Georgia State Univ. (United States)
Arnaud Pierens, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux (France)
Rene Oudmaijer, Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)
Wilhelm Kley, Univ. of Tübingen (Germany)
Benjamin Pope, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Eric L. N. Jensen, Swarthmore College (United States)
Amelia Bayo, Univ. of Bern (Switzerland)
Michael Smith, Kent Univ. (United Kingdom)
Tabetha Boyajian, Yale Univ. (United States)
Luis Henry Quiroga-Nuñez, Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (Netherlands)
Rafael Millan-Gabet, NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (United States)
Andrea Chiavassa, Univ. of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Alexandre Gallenne, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Mark Reynolds, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Willem-Jan de Wit, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Markus Wittkowski, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Florentin Millour, Univ. of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Poshak Gandhi, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Cristina Ramos Almeida, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (Spain)
Almudena Alonso Herrero, Univ. of Santander, Univ. of Madrid (Spain)
Chris Packham, Univ. of Texas, San Antonio (United States)
Makoto Kishimoto, Kyoto Sangyo Univ. (Japan)
Konrad R. W. Tristram, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Jörg-Uwe Pott, MPIA (Germany)
Jean Surdej, Univ. of Liege (Belgium)
David Buscher, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Chris Haniff, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)
Sylvestre Lacour, Observatoire de Paris (France)
Romain Petrov, Univ. of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (France)
Steve Ridgway, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States)
Peter Tuthill, Sydney Univ. (Australia)
Gerard van Belle, Lowell Observatory (United States)
Phil Armitage, Univ. of Colorado (United States)
NIST (United States)
Clement Baruteau, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, CNRS, Univ. de Toulouse (France)
Myriam Benisty, Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, Grenoble Univ. Alpes, CNRS (France)
Bertram Bitsch, Lund Observatory (Sweden)
Sijme-Jan Paardekooper, Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Christophe Pinte, Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, Grenoble Univ. Alpes, CNRS (France)
Frederic Masset, Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico)
Giovanni Rosotti, Institute of Astronomy (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9907:
Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging V
Fabien Malbet; Michelle J. Creech-Eakman; Peter G. Tuthill, Editor(s)

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