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Proceedings Paper

Photodynamic impact induces ischemic tolerance in models in vivo and in vitro
Author(s): Svetlana Demyanenko; Svetlana Sharifulina; Elena Berezhnaya; Vera Kovaleva; Maria Neginskaya; Ludmila Zhukovskaya
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Paper Abstract

Ischemic tolerance determines resistance to lethal ischemia gained by a prior sublethal stimulus (i.e., preconditioning). We reproduced this effect in two variants. In vitro the preliminary short (5 s) photodynamic treatment (PDT) (photosensitizer Photosens, 10 nM, 30 min preincubation; laser: 670 nm, 100 mW/cm2) significantly reduced the necrosis of neurons and glial cells in the isolated crayfish stretch receptor, which was caused by following 30-min PDT by 66% and 46%, respectively. In vivo PDT of the rat cerebral cortex with hydrophilic photosensitizer Rose Bengal (i.v. administration, laser irradiation: 532 nm, 60 mW/cm2, 3 mm beam diameter, 30 min) caused occlusion of small brain vessels and local photothrombotic infarct (PTI). It is a model of ischemic stroke. Cerebral tissue edema and global necrosis of neurons and glial cells occurred in the infarction core, which was surrounded by a 1.5 mm transition zone, penumbra. The maximal pericellular edema, hypo- and hyperchromia of neurons were observed in penumbra 24 h after PTI. The repeated laser irradiation of the contralateral cerebral cortex also caused PTI but lesser as compared with single PDT. Preliminary unilateral PTI provided ischemic tolerance: at 14 day after second exposure the PTI volume significantly decreased by 24% than in the case of a single exposure. Sensorimotor deficits in PDT-treated rats was registered using the behavioral tests. The preliminary PTI caused the preconditioning effect.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9917, Saratov Fall Meeting 2015: Third International Symposium on Optics and Biophotonics and Seventh Finnish-Russian Photonics and Laser Symposium (PALS), 99170K (21 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2229929
Show Author Affiliations
Svetlana Demyanenko, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
Svetlana Sharifulina, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
Elena Berezhnaya, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
Vera Kovaleva, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
Maria Neginskaya, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
Ludmila Zhukovskaya, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9917:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2015: Third International Symposium on Optics and Biophotonics and Seventh Finnish-Russian Photonics and Laser Symposium (PALS)
Elina A. Genina; Valery V. Tuchin; Vladimir L. Derbov; Dmitry E. Postnov; Igor V. Meglinski; Kirill V. Larin; Alexander Borisovich Pravdin, Editor(s)

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