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Proceedings Paper

Laser forming of emitting structure of metal-porous cathodes
Author(s): Ivan A. Popov; Tatiana N. Sokolova; Elena L. Surmenko; Dmitry A. Bessonov; Yury V. Chebotarevsky; Georgy V. Sakhadzhi; Tatiana M. Krachkovskaya
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Paper Abstract

Metal-porous cathode is an electrovacuum EHF device, providing a high density of emission current. The emitting surface of the device is usually obtained by ion etching. The emitting layer is made of a porous sponge of a refractory metal, usually tungsten. Through the pores of the sponge alkaline earth metals and their oxides are delivered to the emitting surface. One of the most important parameters of the cathode is a uniformity of emission, depending on regularity of the location of pores.

We describe a method of laser modification of metal-porous cathode surface, instead of traditional ion etching. The preferences of laser etching are uniformity of pores, absence of deformation of surface, opportunity to specify the necessary size of the pores and the distance between them.

Laser structuring of the cathode surface was implemented by laser micrograving. The resulting structure is a field of pores, diameter 15 μm, with spacing of 20 μm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2016
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 9917, Saratov Fall Meeting 2015: Third International Symposium on Optics and Biophotonics and Seventh Finnish-Russian Photonics and Laser Symposium (PALS), 99173D (21 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2229857
Show Author Affiliations
Ivan A. Popov, Saratov State Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)
Tatiana N. Sokolova, Saratov State Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)
Elena L. Surmenko, Saratov State Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)
Dmitry A. Bessonov, Saratov State Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)
Yury V. Chebotarevsky, Saratov State Technical Univ. (Russian Federation)
Georgy V. Sakhadzhi, JSC Research and Production Enterprise Almaz (Russian Federation)
Tatiana M. Krachkovskaya, JSC Research and Production Enterprise Almaz (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9917:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2015: Third International Symposium on Optics and Biophotonics and Seventh Finnish-Russian Photonics and Laser Symposium (PALS)
Elina A. Genina; Valery V. Tuchin; Vladimir L. Derbov; Dmitry E. Postnov; Igor V. Meglinski; Kirill V. Larin; Alexander Borisovich Pravdin, Editor(s)

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