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Proceedings Paper

Impact of rapid urbanization on the microclimate of Indian cities: a case study for the city of Bhubaneswar
Author(s): D. Swain; G. J. Roberts; J. Dash; V. Vinoj; K. Lekshmi; S. Tripathy
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Paper Abstract

The impact of rapid urbanization in cities on their microclimate is at present a great cause of global concern. One of the major consequences is the unexpected rise in temperatures in the cities compared to their surrounding areas, termed as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. Over the past many years, several Indian cities are under severe stress owing to such extreme anomalous changes in their micro-meteorological conditions making them unfriendly for habitation. Presented here is a case study on Bhubaneswar - one such city on the east coast of India undergoing rapid urbanization in recent times. In this study, Land Surface Temperatures (LST) from MODIS Terra and Aqua instruments at 1 km2 spatial resolution along with the Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) change data from Landsat was used over a 25 km radius about the city for a 15 years' period from 2000 to 2014. Preliminary analyses indicate spatio-temporal changes in LULC to be one of the primary and significant factors responsible for changes in the UHI effect over the city. Investigations on the spatio-temporal variations in LST across the city and its relationship with vegetation cover indicate that overexploitation of various resources demanded by a fast growing population has led to significant changes in LULC patterns in the last few years. Analysis of the changes in the urban energy balance and resulting UHI effect across the city under various urban growth scenarios and different proportions of green urban area are in progress.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9877, Land Surface and Cryosphere Remote Sensing III, 98772X (5 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228111
Show Author Affiliations
D. Swain, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (India)
G. J. Roberts, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
J. Dash, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
V. Vinoj, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (India)
K. Lekshmi, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (India)
S. Tripathy, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9877:
Land Surface and Cryosphere Remote Sensing III
Reza Khanbilvardi; Ashwagosh Ganju; A. S. Rajawat; Jing M. Chen, Editor(s)

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