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Proceedings Paper

ISRO's dual frequency airborne SAR pre-cursor to NISAR
Author(s): V. Manavala Ramanujam; T. J. V. D. Suneela; Rakesh Bhan
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Paper Abstract

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have jointly embarked on NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) operating in L-band and S-band, which will map Earth’s surface every 12 days. As a pre-cursor to the NISAR mission, ISRO is planning an airborne SAR (L&S band) which will deliver NISAR analogue data products to the science community. ISRO will develop all the hardware with the aim of adhering to system design aspects of NISAR to the maximum extent possible. It is a fully polarimetric stripmap SAR and can be operated in single, dual, compact, quasi-quad and full polarimetry modes. It has wide incidence angle coverage from 24°–77° with swath coverage from 5.5km to 15 km. Apart from simultaneous imaging operations, this system can also operate in standalone L/S SAR modes. This system is planned to operate from an aircraft platform with nominal altitude of 8000meters. Antenna for this SAR will be rigidly mounted to the aircraft, whereas, motion compensation will be implemented in the software processor to generate data products. Data products for this airborne SAR will be generated in slant & ground range azimuth dimension and geocoded in HDF5/Geotiff formats. This airborne SAR will help to prepare the Indian scientific community for optimum utilization of NISAR data. In-order to collect useful science data, airborne campaigns are planned from end of 2016 onwards.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9881, Earth Observing Missions and Sensors: Development, Implementation, and Characterization IV, 98810A (2 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2228086
Show Author Affiliations
V. Manavala Ramanujam, Space Applications Ctr. (India)
T. J. V. D. Suneela, Space Applications Ctr. (India)
Rakesh Bhan, Space Applications Ctr. (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9881:
Earth Observing Missions and Sensors: Development, Implementation, and Characterization IV
Xiaoxiong J. Xiong; Saji Abraham Kuriakose; Toshiyoshi Kimura, Editor(s)

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