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Proceedings Paper

Optical filter finesses enhancement based on nested coupled cavities and active medium
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Paper Abstract

Optical filters with relatively large FSR and narrow linewidth are simultaneously needed for different applications. The ratio between the FSR and the 3-dB linewidth is given by finesse of the filter, which is solely determined by the different energy loss mechanisms limited by the technology advancement. In this work, we present a novel coupled-cavity configuration embedding an optical filter and a gain medium; allowing an overall finesse enhancement and simultaneous FSR and 3-dB linewidth engineering beyond the technological limits of the filter fabrication method. The configuration consists of two resonators. An active ring resonator comprises an optical gain medium and a passive resonator. In one configuration, the optical filter is the passive resonator itself. In a second configuration, the passive resonator is another ring resonator that embeds the optical filter. The presented configurations using a semiconductor optical amplifier are applied one time to a mechanically Fabry-Perot filter in the first presented configuration; and a second time to a fiber ring filter in the second presented configuration. The mechanical filter has an original 3-dB linewidth of 1nm and an FSR that is larger than 100nm while the enhanced linewidth is about 0.3nm. The fiber ring filter length is 4 m and directional coupler ratios of 90/10corresponding to a 3-dBlinewidth of about 4MHz and an FSR of 47 MHz. The enhanced 3- dBlinewidth of the overall filter configuration is 200kHz, demonstrating finesse enhancement up to20 times the original finesse of the filter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 2016
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9893, Laser Sources and Applications III, 989316 (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227396
Show Author Affiliations
George A. Adib, Ain Shams Univ. (Egypt)
Yasser M. Sabry, Ain Shams Univ. (Egypt)
Diaa Khalil, Ain Shams Univ. (Egypt)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9893:
Laser Sources and Applications III
Jacob I. Mackenzie; Helena JelÍnková; Takunori Taira; Marwan Abdou Ahmed, Editor(s)

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