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Proceedings Paper

Hand gesture recognition in confined spaces with partial observability and occultation constraints
Author(s): Amir Shirkhodaie; Alex Chan; Shuowen Hu
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Paper Abstract

Human activity detection and recognition capabilities have broad applications for military and homeland security. These tasks are very complicated, however, especially when multiple persons are performing concurrent activities in confined spaces that impose significant obstruction, occultation, and observability uncertainty. In this paper, our primary contribution is to present a dedicated taxonomy and kinematic ontology that are developed for in-vehicle group human activities (IVGA). Secondly, we describe a set of hand-observable patterns that represents certain IVGA examples. Thirdly, we propose two classifiers for hand gesture recognition and compare their performance individually and jointly. Finally, we present a variant of Hidden Markov Model for Bayesian tracking, recognition, and annotation of hand motions, which enables spatiotemporal inference to human group activity perception and understanding. To validate our approach, synthetic (graphical data from virtual environment) and real physical environment video imagery are employed to verify the performance of these hand gesture classifiers, while measuring their efficiency and effectiveness based on the proposed Hidden Markov Model for tracking and interpreting dynamic spatiotemporal IVGA scenarios.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9842, Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXV, 984214 (17 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2226024
Show Author Affiliations
Amir Shirkhodaie, Tennessee State Univ. (United States)
Alex Chan, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Shuowen Hu, U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9842:
Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXV
Ivan Kadar, Editor(s)

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