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Proceedings Paper

Temperature dependent terahertz properties of energetic materials
Author(s): Abul K. Azad; Von H. Whitley; Kathryn E. Brown; Towfiq Ahmed; Christian J. Sorensen; David S. Moore
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Paper Abstract

Reliable detection of energetic materials is still a formidable challenge which requires further investigation. The remote standoff detection of explosives using molecular fingerprints in the terahertz spectral range has been an evolving research area for the past two decades. Despite many efforts, identification of a particular explosive remains difficult as the spectral fingerprints often shift due to the working conditions of the sample such as temperature, crystal orientation, presence of binders, etc. In this work, we investigate the vibrational spectrum of energetic materials including RDX, PETN, AN, and 1,3-DNB diluted in a low loss PTFE host medium using terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) at cryogenic temperatures. The measured absorptions of these materials show spectral shifts of their characteristic peaks while changing their operating temperature from 300 to 7.5 K. We have developed a theoretical model based on first principles methods, which is able to predict most of the measured modes in 1, 3-DNB between 0.3 to 2.50 THz. These findings may further improve the security screening of explosives.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2016
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9856, Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems X: Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense, 98560W (29 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2225528
Show Author Affiliations
Abul K. Azad, Ctr. for Integrated Nanotechnologies (United States)
Von H. Whitley, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Kathryn E. Brown, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Towfiq Ahmed, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Christian J. Sorensen, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
David S. Moore, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9856:
Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems X: Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense
Mehdi F. Anwar; Thomas W. Crowe; Tariq Manzur, Editor(s)

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