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Proceedings Paper

Spatially offset raman spectroscopy for non-invasive assessment of fracture healing
Author(s): Hao Ding; Guijin Lu; Christopher West; Gloria Gogola; James Kellam; Catherine Ambrose; Xiaohong Bi
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Paper Abstract

Fracture non-unions and bone re-fracture are common challenges for post-fracture management. To achieve better prognosis and treatment evaluation, it is important to be able to assess the quality of callus over the time course of healing. This study evaluated the potential of spatially offset Raman spectroscopy for assessing the fracture healing process in situ. We investigated a rat model of fracture healing at two weeks and 4 weeks post fracture with a fractured femur and a contralateral control in each animal. Raman spectra were collected from the depilated thighs on both sides transcutaneously in situ with various source/detection offsets. Bone signals were recovered from SORS spectra, and then compared with those collected from bare bones. The relative intensity of mineral from fractured bone was markedly decreased compared to the control. The fractured bones demonstrated lower mineral and carbonate level and higher collagen content in the callus at the early time point. Compared to week 2, collagen mineralization and mineral carbonation increased at 4 weeks post fracture. Similarly, the material properties of callus determined by reference point indentation also increased in the 4-week group, indicating improved callus quality with time. The results from Raman analysis are in agreement with radiographic and material testing, indicating the potential of this technique in assessing fracture healing in vivo.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 February 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9689, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XII, 96894M (29 February 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2224493
Show Author Affiliations
Hao Ding, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
Guijin Lu, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
Christopher West, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
Gloria Gogola, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
James Kellam, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
Catherine Ambrose, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)
Xiaohong Bi, Univ. of Texas Health Science Ctr. at Houston (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9689:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics XII
Hyun Wook Kang; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Melissa C. Skala; Bernard Choi; Andreas Mandelis; Brian J. F. Wong M.D.; Justus F. Ilgner M.D.; Nikiforos Kollias; Paul J. Campagnola; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Laura Marcu; Haishan Zeng, Editor(s)

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