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Proceedings Paper

A survey of unmanned ground vehicles with applications to agricultural and environmental sensing
Author(s): Stephanie Bonadies; Alan Lefcourt; S. Andrew Gadsden
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Paper Abstract

Unmanned ground vehicles have been utilized in the last few decades in an effort to increase the efficiency of agriculture, in particular, by reducing labor needs. Unmanned vehicles have been used for a variety of purposes including: soil sampling, irrigation management, precision spraying, mechanical weeding, and crop harvesting. In this paper, unmanned ground vehicles, implemented by researchers or commercial operations, are characterized through a comparison to other vehicles used in agriculture, namely airplanes and UAVs. An overview of different trade-offs of configurations, control schemes, and data collection technologies is provided. Emphasis is given to the use of unmanned ground vehicles in food crops, and includes a discussion of environmental impacts and economics. Factors considered regarding the future trends and potential issues of unmanned ground vehicles include development, management and performance. Also included is a strategy to demonstrate to farmers the safety and profitability of implementing the technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2016
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 9866, Autonomous Air and Ground Sensing Systems for Agricultural Optimization and Phenotyping, 98660Q (17 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2224248
Show Author Affiliations
Stephanie Bonadies, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)
Alan Lefcourt, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (United States)
S. Andrew Gadsden, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9866:
Autonomous Air and Ground Sensing Systems for Agricultural Optimization and Phenotyping
John Valasek; J. Alex Thomasson, Editor(s)

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