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Proceedings Paper

Enabling human-automation collaborative target tracking using an array of sensors
Author(s): Jason Roll; Terry Stanard; Tony Ayala; Michael Bowman
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Paper Abstract

Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operations in urban environments can be particularly challenging due in part to the physical proximity and height of the buildings which can occlude sensor coverage. Operational and laboratory settings have shown it is very difficult for a single operator to manually track a moving target using a set of grounded, steerable sensors within an urban environment. Although computer vision technologies are available for autotracking, they are often unreliable due to variations in lighting, visibility, and visual clutter. As a result, the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is developing novel interface technologies that leverage automation to flexibly assist a human operator with the task of tracking one or more moving targets across an array of fixed pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) electro-optical (EO) sensors in an urban environment. Automated functions being explored by this research effort focus on maintaining visual momentum and include automated sensor steering and system-recommended perspective switching. These automated functions were compared, in addition to a baseline (no automation) condition, and operator performance improved as the level of automated assistance increased. The results of this examination indicate a necessity for surveillance technologies to incorporate automation. Further research is recommended to identify additional operator functions that could be automated to overcome the common challenges associated with real-time target tracking in an urban environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 August 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9831, Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR VII, 98310I (24 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2224082
Show Author Affiliations
Jason Roll, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Terry Stanard, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Tony Ayala, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Michael Bowman, Infoscitex Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9831:
Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR VII
Michael A. Kolodny; Tien Pham, Editor(s)

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