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Proceedings Paper

Impact of ionosphere on high-bandwidth chirp in L-band SAR and its mitigation
Author(s): Partha Sarathi Nandy; Deepak Putrevu
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Paper Abstract

There is a trend of SAR imaging at low frequencies (VHF/UHF, L-band) and wide bandwidth, for penetration into foliage for high resolution applications. The propagation of spaceborne radar signals operating at L-band frequency or below can be seriously affected by the ionosphere. While these effects are negligible at X-band, Faraday Rotation and the frequency-dependent path delays can become seriously problematic at L-band. Range delay, interferometric phase bias, range defocussing and Faraday rotation are the most prominent ones. Due to ionospheric effects, blind use of a generic matched filter causes inaccuracies when correlating the received signal with transmitted replica. In this paper we study the effects of frequency dependent path delays in L-band SAR chirp signal due to ionospheric electron density. Also a method to correct ionospheric anomalies without the knowledge of electron content level in a single SAR acquisition is proposed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2016
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9881, Earth Observing Missions and Sensors: Development, Implementation, and Characterization IV, 98811Q (2 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223826
Show Author Affiliations
Partha Sarathi Nandy, Space Applications Ctr. (India)
Deepak Putrevu, Space Applications Ctr. (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9881:
Earth Observing Missions and Sensors: Development, Implementation, and Characterization IV
Xiaoxiong J. Xiong; Saji Abraham Kuriakose; Toshiyoshi Kimura, Editor(s)

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