Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Use of INSAT-3D sounder and imager radiances in the 4D-VAR data assimilation system and its implications in the analyses and forecasts
Author(s): S. Indira Rani; Ruth Taylor; John P. George; E. N. Rajagopal
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00

Paper Abstract

INSAT-3D, the first Indian geostationary satellite with sounding capability, provides valuable information over India and the surrounding oceanic regions which are pivotal to Numerical Weather Prediction. In collaboration with UK Met Office, NCMRWF developed the assimilation capability of INSAT-3D Clear Sky Brightness Temperature (CSBT), both from the sounder and imager, in the 4D-Var assimilation system being used at NCMRWF. Out of the 18 sounder channels, radiances from 9 channels are selected for assimilation depending on relevance of the information in each channel. The first three high peaking channels, the CO2 absorption channels and the three water vapor channels (channel no. 10, 11, and 12) are assimilated both over land and Ocean, whereas the window channels (channel no. 6, 7, and 8) are assimilated only over the Ocean. Measured satellite radiances are compared with that from short range forecasts to monitor the data quality. This is based on the assumption that the observed satellite radiances are free from calibration errors and the short range forecast provided by NWP model is free from systematic errors. Innovations (Observation – Forecast) before and after the bias correction are indicative of how well the bias correction works. Since the biases vary with air-masses, time, scan angle and also due to instrument degradation, an accurate bias correction algorithm for the assimilation of INSAT-3D sounder radiance is important. This paper discusses the bias correction methods and other quality controls used for the selected INSAT-3D sounder channels and the impact of bias corrected radiance in the data assimilation system particularly over India and surrounding oceanic regions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2016
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 9876, Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VI, 98761G (5 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2223496
Show Author Affiliations
S. Indira Rani, National Ctr. for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (India)
Ruth Taylor, Met Office (United Kingdom)
John P. George, National Ctr. for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (India)
E. N. Rajagopal, National Ctr. for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9876:
Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VI
Eastwood Im; Raj Kumar; Song Yang, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top