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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Demonstrative experiment study on the consistency of two-slit interference and diffraction phenomenon

Paper Abstract

In the Optics of University Physics, two most important concepts are interference and diffraction, which reflect the wave nature of the light. The corresponding content is relatively abundant, such as Young’s Double-slit Interference, One-slit Diffraction, Grating Diffraction. But they are not easy for undergraduates to comprehend. So in order to show the two phenomenon visually, the related demonstrative experiment equipment are well-developed, but they are independent with each other. The students can accept them separately, but in the same time ignore the connection between them two. Actually, interference and diffraction are consistent in essence from the view of coherent superposition and redistribution of the light intensity. The difference only depends on the specific parameters. The objective of our paper is to analyze the condition for two slits to produce interference and diffraction phenomenon. Also, apply the knowledge of Fourier Optics to analyze the Fresnel diffraction. This would be a good example for the theory of grand unification in physics. Firstly, the intensity distribution is deduced for two-slit interference, one-slit Fraunhofer diffraction, two-slit Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction applying complex-amplitude integration method. In the same time, the simulated experimental results by MATLAB are shown. Secondly, the experimental results are given to verify the analysis. Finally, a new idea is presented to realize an equipment of demonstrative experiment for teaching.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2015
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9793, Education and Training in Optics and Photonics: ETOP 2015, 979318 (8 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2223103
Show Author Affiliations
Jie Zhao, The Pilot College of Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Dayong Wang, Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Yunxin Wang, Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Lu Rong, Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Zhuqing Jiang, Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Yuhong Wan, Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9793:
Education and Training in Optics and Photonics: ETOP 2015

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