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Proceedings Paper

Aging influence on sensing properties of porous silica films sensitized toward ammonia
Author(s): Cuma Tyszkiewicz; Roman Rogoziński
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Paper Abstract

The sol-gel technology allows preparation of thin silica films ranging in porosity from dense to highly porous. These films can function as a matrix binding molecules of the pH-sensitive dyes and can be utilized as the sensitive films for intensity based planar evanescent wave chemical sensors. Sensitive properties of these dyes decreases in time due to aging processes. We report characterization of weakening of sensing properties of highly porous silica films doped with the bromocresole purple (BCP). In the presence of the gaseous ammonia, the absorption band (AB) of protonated BCP centered at λ=430 nm, is shifted toward λ=591 nm due to deprotonation, resulting in the increase of sensitive films absorption in the range of wavelengths of shifted AB. Two sets of films were investigated. Films from the first one were cyclically exposed to the ammonia and stored isolated from the daylight. Films from the second set weren't exposed to the ammonia and were stored in a staining jar exposed to the daylight. A depth of the AB at λ=430 nm was measured using a spectrophotometer. A sensitivity of the films toward ammonia was measured using LED emitting at center wavelength λ=610 nm. As was shown, the sensitivity of these films exposed to the ammonia diluted in dry air, and isolated from the daylight, decreases in time exponentially. The magnitude of that decrease monotonically depends on the ammonia concentration. It was also shown that the daylight causes quick aging of films not exposed to the ammonia. A depth of the AB centered at λ=430 nm relatively quickly decreased when compared with films isolated from the daylight and exposed to the ammonia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 December 2015
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9816, Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2015, 98160U (17 December 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2222546
Show Author Affiliations
Cuma Tyszkiewicz, Silesian Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Roman Rogoziński, Silesian Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9816:
Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2015
Ryszard S. Romaniuk; Waldemar Wojcik; Andrzej Smolarz, Editor(s)

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