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Proceedings Paper

Artificial polarization components
Author(s): L. Cescato; Ekkehard Gluch; Wilhelm Stork; Norbert Streibl
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Paper Abstract

High frequency surface relief structures are optically anisotropic and show interesting polarisation properties 1 . These properties can be used to produce polarizations components such as wave plates polarizers. polarizing beamsplitters etc. Our experimental results show that even gratings with relatively low spatial frequency ( periods A ) exhibit a strong phase retardation and can be used as quarter-wave plates. k INTRODUC11ON The artificial birefringence exhibited by ultrahigh frequency gratings of dielectric materials can be used to produce various polarization components2 . Such components have applications in integrated optics as well as in free space optics. In order to produce the high spatial frequencies complex processes such as electron-beam lithography and reactive ion etching are needed. We show in this paper that sinusoidal holographic gratings in photoresist exhibit also a strong phase ret even at relatively long periods. L EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENTS To obtain the phase retardation of a lower frequency ( period A ) grating a simple setup as used by Enger and 2 can be applied. In our case however there are three measurements necessary to obtain the phase retardation because transmission of the two perpendicularly polarized beams is different from each other. I GRATING PRODUCTION grating 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 period (pmj 0. 74 0. 74 0. 61 0. 54 0. 46 0. 32 0. 54 0. 54 0. 54 ne (sec) 60

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1990
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 1319, Optics in Complex Systems, (1 July 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.22213
Show Author Affiliations
L. Cescato, Univ. of Erlangen-Nurnberg (Germany)
Ekkehard Gluch, Univ. of Erlangen-Nurnberg (Germany)
Wilhelm Stork, Univ. of Erlangen-Nurnberg (Germany)
Norbert Streibl, Univ. of Erlangen-Nurnberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1319:
Optics in Complex Systems
F. Lanzl; H.-J. Preuss; G. Weigelt, Editor(s)

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